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Efficient CRISPR/Cas9-mediated mutagenesis in primary human B cells for identifying plasma cell regulators

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Item Type:Article
Title:Efficient CRISPR/Cas9-mediated mutagenesis in primary human B cells for identifying plasma cell regulators
Creators Name:Le, T.A. and Chu, V.T. and Lino, A.C. and Schrezenmeier, E. and Kressler, C. and Hamo, D. and Rajewsky, K. and Dörner, T. and Dang, V.D.
Abstract:Human B lymphocytes are attractive targets for immunotherapies in autoantibody-mediated diseases. Gene editing technologies could provide a powerful tool to determine gene regulatory networks regulating B cell differentiation into plasma cells, and identify novel therapeutic targets for prevention and treatment of autoimmune disorders. Here, we describe a new approach that uses CRISPR/Cas9 technology to target genes in primary human B cells in vitro for identifying plasma cell regulators. We found that sgRNA and Cas9 components can be efficiently delivered into primary human B cells through RD114-pseudotyped retroviral vectors. Using this system, we achieved approximate 80% of gene knockout efficiency. We disrupted expression of a triad of transcription factors, IRF4, PRDM1 and XBP1, and showed that human B cell survival and plasma cell differentiation are severely impaired. Specifically, that IRF4, PRDM1 and XBP1 are expressed at different stages during plasma cell differentiation, IRF4, PRDM1 and XBP1-targeted cells fail to progress to the pre-PB, PC state and PC survival, respectively. Our method opens a new avenue to study gene functions in primary human B cells and identify novel plasma cell regulators for therapeutic applications.
Keywords:CRISPR/Cas9, Primary Human B Cells, B Cell Differentiation, Plasmablasts, Plasma Cells, Plasma Cell Regulators, Knockout, IRF4, PRDM1, XBP1
Source:Molecular Therapy - Nucleic Acids
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
Page Range:621-632
Date:13 December 2022
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.omtn.2022.11.016
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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