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Construction and characterization of a catalytic fusion protein system: P-45011beta-adrenodoxin reductase-adrenodoxin

Item Type:Article
Title:Construction and characterization of a catalytic fusion protein system: P-45011beta-adrenodoxin reductase-adrenodoxin
Creators Name:Cao, P.R., Buelow, H., Dumas, B. and Bernhardt, R.
Abstract:Cortisol is an important intermediate for the production of steroidal drugs and can only be synthesized chemically by rather complicated multi-step procedures. The most critical step is the 11{beta}-hydroxylation of 11- deoxycortisol, which is catalyzed by a mitochondrial enzyme, P-450(11β). Various fusion constructs of P-450(11{beta}) with its electron transfer components, adrenodoxin and adrenodoxin reductase, were produced by cDNA manipulation and were successfully expressed in COS-1 cells from which the hydroxylation activities were assayed. It was demonstrated that the fusion protein required both adrenodoxin reductase and adrenodoxin for its activity and was not able to receive electrons from an external source. The fusion protein with all three components had less activity than P-450(11{beta}) alone, receiving electrons from coexpressed or internal electron transfer components. The activities of the fusion proteins were determined mainly by the fusion sequence. The fusion protein with a sequence of P-450(11{beta})- adrenodoxin reductase-adrenodoxin was more active than that of P-450(11{beta})- adrenodoxin-adrenodoxin reductase, 1.5- and 3-fold for bovine and human P- 450(11{beta}), respectively. Modification of the linker region by extending the size of the linker with various peptide sequences in the bovine P-450(11{beta})- adrenodoxin reductase-adrenodoxin fusion protein indicated that the linker did not have significant effect on the P-450 activity. Taken together, the fusion protein obtained here can serve as a model for the investigation of electron transfer in P-450 systems and is of potential importance for biotechnological steroid production.
Keywords:Bovine P-450(11{beta}), Fusion Protein Construct, Human P-450(11{beta}), P- 450(11{beta})-Adrenodoxin Reductase-Adrenodoxin, P-450(11{beta})-Adrenodoxin- Adrenodoxin Reductase
Source:Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Protein Structure and Molecular Enzymology
Page Range:253-264
Date:9 February 2000
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1016/S0167-4838(99)00243-5
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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