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Transcriptional repressor CopR: Structure model-based localization of the deoxyribonucleic acid binding motif

Item Type:Article
Title:Transcriptional repressor CopR: Structure model-based localization of the deoxyribonucleic acid binding motif
Creators Name:Steinmetzer, K., Hillisch, A., Behlke, J. and Brantl, S.
Abstract:The plasmid pIP501 encoded transcriptional repressor CopR is one of the two regulators of plasmid copy number. CopR binds as a dimer to a nearly palindromic operator with the consensus sequence 5'-CGTG. Intermediate sequence searches revealed a significant structural relationship between CopR and the bacteriophage P22 c2 and the 434 c1 repressors. In this report we describe the experimental verification of a CopR homology models which is based on a fairly low-sequence identity of 13.8 % to P22 c2 repressor. A model for the complex of CopR with the deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) target was built on the basis of experimental footprinting data, the above-mentioned CopR homology model, and the crystal structure of the 434 c1 repressor-DNA complex. Site-directed mutagenesis was used to test the function of amino acids involved in sequence and nonsequence-specific DNA recognition and amino acids important for correct protein folding. CD measurements were performed to detect structural changes caused by the mutations. Exchanges of residues responsible for sequence-specific DNA recognition reduced binding to a nonspecific level. Mutations of amino acids involved in nonspecific DNA binding lead to decreased binding affinity while maintaining selectivity. Substitution of amino acids necessary for proper folding caused dramatic structural changes. The experimental data support the model of CopR as a helix-turn- helix protein belonging to the λ repressor superfamily.
Keywords:CD Measurements, Comparative Modeling, CopR, HTH Motif, Plasmid pIP501, Protein-DNA Interaction, Site-directed Mutagenesis, Transcriptional Repressor
Source:Proteins: Structure, Function, and Bioinformatics
Page Range:393-406
Date:1 March 2000
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1097-0134(20000301)38:4<393::AID-PROT5>3.0.CO;2-H
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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