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An eicosanoid protects from statin-induced myopathic changes in primary human cells

Item Type:Preprint
Title:An eicosanoid protects from statin-induced myopathic changes in primary human cells
Creators Name:Grunwald, S.A., Popp, O., Haafke, S., Jedraszczak, N., Grieben, U., Saar, K., Patone, G., Kress, W., Steinhagen-Thiessen, E., Dittmar, G. and Spuler, S.
Abstract:Statins reduce plasma cholesterol levels and are effective in secondary cardiovascular disease prevention. However, statin related muscle side effects are a constant problem for patients and doctors because compliance in taking them is severely influenced by the side effects. The mechanism of statin-myopathy remains unknown. We exposed primary human muscle cell lines (n=4) to a lipophilic (simvastatin) and a hydrophilic (rosuvastatin) statin and analyzed the transcriptome and the proteome (expressome) in an unbiased manner. Data and pathway analyses included GOrilla, Reactome and DAVID. Relevant results were confirmed by quantitative PCR and on protein level. Functional assays included proliferation and differentiation quantification of primary human muscle cells. More than 1800 transcripts and 900 proteins were differentially expressed after exposure to statins. Simvastatin had a much worse effect on the expressome than rosuvastatin, but both statins had a severe impact on cholesterol biosynthesis, fatty acid metabolism, eicosanoid synthesis, proliferation, and differentiation of human muscle cells. Eicosanoids rescued the biological function. We also found that muscle cells were very similarly equipped for cholesterol biosynthesis than HepG2 cell. Our data bring a new aspect to the role of skeletal muscle in cholesterol metabolism. For clinical practice, the addition of omega-3,6 fatty acids could be suitable to prevent or treat statin-myopathy.
Keywords:Statin, Cholesterol, Signal Transduction, Eicosanoids, Human Primary Muscle Cell, Therapy
Publisher:Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press
Article Number:271932
Date:26 February 2018
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1101/271932

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