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CD4(+) T cells play a critical role in mediating hypertension in response to placental ischemia

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Item Type:Article
Title:CD4(+) T cells play a critical role in mediating hypertension in response to placental ischemia
Creators Name:Novotny, S., Wallace, K., Herse, F., Moseley, J., Darby, M., Heath, J., Gill, J., Wallukat, G., Martin, J.N., Dechend, R. and LaMarca, B.
Abstract:Similar to preeclamptic women, hypertension in the chronic Reduced Uterine Perfusion Pressure Rat Model Of Preeclampsia (RUPP) is associated with increased CD4+ T cells, cytokines, sFlt-1 and agonistic autoantibodies to the AngII receptor (AT1-AA). We examined the effect inhibition of T cell co-stimulation in RUPP rats treated with (A) (abatacept, 250 mg/kg, infused i.v. at gestation day 13), on hypertension and sFlt-1, TNF-alpha and AT1-AA. RUPP surgical procedure was performed on day 14. On day 19 MAP increased from 94+2 mmHg in Normal Pregnant (NP) to 123 +/- 3 mmHg in RUPP control rats. This response was attenuated by Abatacept, MAP was 104 +/- 2 mmHg in RUPP +/- A, and 96 +/- 2 mmHg NP +/- A. Percent circulating CD4+ T cells were 66 +/- 3% in RUPPs compared to 55 +/- 3% NP rats (p<0.04) but were normalized in RUPP +/- A rats (54 +/- 3%). The twofold increase in TNF alpha seen in RUPPs (277 +/- 47 pg/ml) was decreased to 80 +/- 18 pg/ml in RUPP+A. Placental sFlt-1 was reduced 70 % to 151 +/- 28 in RUPP +/- A compared 488 +/- 61 pg/ml in RUPP (p<0.001). AT1-AA decreased from 20 +/- 0.8 bpm in control RUPP to 6 +/- 0.7 bpm in RUPP +/- A. We next determined the effect of RUPP in causing hypertension in pregnant T cell deficient rats by examining MAP in NP (123 +/- 5 mmHg) and RUPP athymic nude rats (123 +/- 7 mmHg). In the absence of T cells, hypertension in response to placental ischemia was completely abolished. Collectively these data indicate that CD4+ Tcells in response to placental ischemia play an important role in the pathophysiology of hypertension associated with preeclampsia.
Keywords:Hypertension, Preeclampsia, Placental Ischemic Insult, Animals, Rats
Source:Journal of Hypertension : Open Access
Publisher:OMICS Publishing Group
Page Range:116
Date:17 June 2013
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.4172/2167-1095.1000116
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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