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Avosentan is protective in hypertensive nephropathy at doses not causing fluid retention

Item Type:Article
Title:Avosentan is protective in hypertensive nephropathy at doses not causing fluid retention
Creators Name:Baltatu, O.C., Zaugg, C.E., Schumacher, C., Louie, P., Campos, L.A. and Bader, M.
Abstract:Multiple studies indicate that endothelin antagonism may have a protective effect for chronic kidney disease. Despite that, clinical studies using avosentan have been halted due to adverse effects including fluid overload. Therefore, we aimed at investigating whether avosentan may have protective effects against hypertensive nephropathy at doses below those inducing fluid-retention. We used double transgenic rats (dTGR), overexpressing both the human renin and angiotensinogen gene, which develop malignant hypertension. Effects of avosentan alone or in combination with low-dose of valsartan (angiotensin AT1 receptor antagonist) on end-organ damage were studied. Avosentan induced a decrease of diuresis (18.3%) with a consequent decrease in hematocrit (8.3%) only at the highest dose investigated (100mg/kg). Treatment with the combination of avosentan and valsartan (10 and 0.1mg/kg, once daily by gavage, respectively) decreased albuminuria to a greater extent than each compound given alone (avosentan: 19.6mg/24h; valsartan: 12.9mg/24h; avosentan+valsartan: 1.7mg/24h, data are median values). Histological severity score also showed a drastic reduction of kidney damage. Furthermore, avosentan alone or in combination therapy dramatically decreased mortality compared to the 100% in untreated animals. These data support a therapeutic effect of avosentan at doses below those inducing fluid overload.
Keywords:Hypertensive Nephropathy, Endothelin Receptor Antagonist, Angiotensin Receptor Antagonist, Fluid Retention, Animals, Rats
Source:Pharmacological Research
Publisher:Elsevier / Academic Press
Page Range:9-13
Date:February 2014
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrs.2013.12.003
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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