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Maternal influences on litter size and growth in reciprocal crossed miniature pigs and durocs

Item Type:Article
Title:Maternal influences on litter size and growth in reciprocal crossed miniature pigs and durocs
Creators Name:Hardge, T., Koepke, K., Reissmann, M. and Wimmers, K.
Abstract:In order to demonstrate the potential power of maternal effects on litter size and growth in pigs a reciprocal cross of Berlin miniature pigs and durocs was carried out. The average body weight of the duroc dams (151 kg) was more than three times higher than the weight of the miniature pig dams (48 kg). A considerable maternal effect on fertility, estimated from reciprocal crossbred differences in the litter size of 3.5 piglets was found. The least squares means of birth weight were 1.18 kg and 0.75 kg for F1 animals bom from duroc dams and miniature pig dams, respectively. This maternal caused disadvantage in body weight of crossbred offspring from miniature pig dams is compensated in the interval from weaning to the 13th week of age. The end weight estimated by means of gompertz and bertalanffy growth functions showed only minor differences between the reciprocal crossed groups in favour of F1 born from duroc dams. Our data suggest that the uterine capacity of the dam could play an important role in the fertility of extreme breed crosses. Concerning growth performance the milk yield of the sow and tlie influence of the birthweight of the piglets were discussed.
Keywords:Pig, Maternal Effects, Growth, Animals, Pigs
Source:Archiv fuer Tierzucht
Publisher:Archiv fuer Tierzucht
Page Range:83-92

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