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Role of amyloid-β glycine 33 in oligomerization, toxicity, and neuronal plasticity

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Item Type:Article
Title:Role of amyloid-β glycine 33 in oligomerization, toxicity, and neuronal plasticity
Creators Name:Harmeier, A., Wozny, C., Rost, B.R., Munter, L.M., Hua, H., Georgiev, O., Beyermann, M., Hildebrand, P.W., Weise, C., Schaffner, W., Schmitz, D. and Multhaup, G.
Abstract:The aggregation of the amyloid-{beta} (Abeta) peptide plays a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease, as soluble oligomers are intimately linked to neuronal toxicity and inhibition of hippocampal long-term potentiation (LTP). In the C-terminal region of Abeta there are three consecutive GxxxG dimerization motifs, which we could previously demonstrate to play a critical role in the generation of Abeta. Here, we show that glycine 33 (G33) of the central GxxxG interaction motif within the hydrophobic Abeta sequence is important for the aggregation dynamics of the peptide. Abeta peptides with alanine or isoleucine substitutions of G33 displayed an increased propensity to form higher oligomers, which we could attribute to conformational changes. Importantly, the oligomers of G33 variants were much less toxic than Abeta(42) wild type (WT), in vitro and in vivo. Also, whereas Abeta(42) WT is known to inhibit LTP, Abeta(42) G33 variants had lost the potential to inhibit LTP. Our findings reveal that conformational changes induced by G33 substitutions unlink toxicity and oligomerization of Abeta on the molecular level and suggest that G33 is the key amino acid in the toxic activity of Abeta. Thus, a specific toxic conformation of Abeta exists, which represents a promising target for therapeutic interventions.
Keywords:Amino Acid Motifs, Amino Acid Sequence, Amino Acid Substitution, Amyloid {beta}-Peptides, Cell Death, Cultured Cells, Excitatory Postsynaptic Potentials, Eye, Glycine, Hippocampus, Hydrophobic and Hydrophilic Interactions, Long-Term Potentiation, Missense Mutation, Molecular Models, Molecular Sequence Data, Neuronal Plasticity, Neurons, Peptide Fragments, Protein Conformation, Protein Multimerization, Tumor Cell Line, Animals, Drosophila melanogaster, Rats
Source:Journal of Neuroscience
Publisher:Society for Neuroscience
Page Range:7582-7590
Date:10 June 2009
Additional Information:Copyright © 2009 Society for Neuroscience
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1523/JNEUROSCI.1336-09.2009
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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