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Analysis of a protein region involved in permeation and gating of the voltage-gated Torpedo chloride channel ClC-0

Item Type:Article
Title:Analysis of a protein region involved in permeation and gating of the voltage-gated Torpedo chloride channel ClC-0
Creators Name:Ludewig, U., Jentsch, T.J. and Pusch, M.
Abstract:1. The chloride channel from the Torpedo electric organ, ClC-0, is controlled by two distinct ('fast' and 'slow') voltage-dependent gates. Here we investigate the effects of mutations in a region after putative transmembrane domain D12. A mutation in this region has previously been shown to change fast gating and permeation. 2. We used a combination of site-directed mutagenesis with two-electrode voltage-clamp and patch-clamp measurements. 3. Most conservative substitutions have minor effects, while more drastic mutations change kinetics and voltage dependence of fast gating, as well as ion selectivity and rectification. 4. While ClC-0 wild-type (WT) channels deactivate fully in two-electrode voltage clamp at negative voltages, channels do not close completely in patch-clamp experiments. Open probability is increased by intracellular chloride in a concentration- but not voltage-dependent manner. 5. In several mutants, including K519R, the minimal macroscopic open probability of fast gating is larger than in WT. Mutant channels fluctuate at negative potentials between open and closed conformations. Open probability is much more effectively increased by intracellular chloride than in WT. The observations support the idea that permeating ions inside the pore stabilize the open state. 6. Besides effects on permeation and gating of single protopores, some mutations affect 'slow' gating. In summary, the region after D12 participates in fast as well as in slow gating; mutations additionally influence permeation properties.
Keywords:Cell Membrane Permeability, Chloride Channels, Electric Organ, Electric Stimulation, Electrophysiology, Ion Channel Gating, Membrane Potentials, Mutagenesis, Mutation, Patch-Clamp Techniques, Proteins, Recombinant Proteins, Torpedo, Animals, Xenopus
Source:Journal of Physiology
Publisher:Cambridge University Press
Number:Pt 3
Page Range:691-702
Date:1 February 1997
Official Publication:http://jp.physoc.org/content/498/Pt_3/691.abstract
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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