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Efficacy of triple therapies including ionising radiation, agonistic TRAIL antibodies and cisplatin

Item Type:Article
Title:Efficacy of triple therapies including ionising radiation, agonistic TRAIL antibodies and cisplatin
Creators Name:Niyazi, M., Marini, P., Daniel, P.T., Humphreys, R., Jendrossek, V. and Belka, C.
Abstract:The detection of molecular targeted agents is a milestone in cancer treatment. Despite the achievements, the efficacy of single targeted agents in combination with radiotherapy is limited by putative treatment resistance. We therefore tested a rationally designed triple therapy consisting of an agonistic antibody against either TRAIL-R1 (mapatumumab/HGS-ETR1) or TRAIL-R2 (lexatumumab/HGS-ETR2) in combination with the established chemotherapeutic drug cisplatin in a panel of solid tumour cell lines derived from head and neck as well as colorectal carcinomas. Induction of apoptosis after monotherapy, double or triple treatment was determined in FaDu (squamous cancer cell line of the head and neck), Colo205 and HCT116 cells (colorectal adenocarcinoma cell lines) by Hoechst 33342 stain. Double and triple therapies were compared using analysis of variance followed by post hoc tests. The degree of interaction was determined by 3D-isobologram analysis. A knockout variant of HCT116 was used to examine Bax-dependence of the triple therapy to gain insight into the underlying molecular signaling pathways possibly responsible for the observed effects. Dose-response relationships revealed different baseline activities of the modalities dependent on cell type. Triple therapy was more effective than double therapy in most cases according to the induction of apoptosis. Furthermore, a synergistic efficacy of the triple therapy was demonstrated in a subset of tumour cell lines. The efficacy of this multimodal approach was highly dependent on the presence of Bax. Our data suggest that targeted agents can be effectively added to existing multimodal therapy approaches which might open new perspectives in radiation oncology.
Keywords:Adenocarcinoma, Monoclonal Antibodies, Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols, Apoptosis, Adjuvant Chemotherapy, Cisplatin, Colorectal Neoplasms, Drug Dose-Response Relationship, HCT116 Cells, Head and Neck Neoplasms, Squamous Cell Neoplasms, Adjuvant Radiotherapy, TNF-Related Apoptosis-Inducing Ligand Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor Receptors, bcl-2-Associated X Protein
Source:Oncology Reports
Page Range:1455-1460
Date:June 2009
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.3892/or_00000374
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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