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Chloride channelopathies

Item Type:Review
Title:Chloride channelopathies
Creators Name:Planells-Cases, R. and Jentsch, T.J.
Abstract:Channelopathies, defined as diseases that are caused by mutations in genes encoding ion channels, are associated with a wide variety of symptoms. Impaired chloride transport can cause diseases as diverse as cystic fibrosis, myotonia, epilepsy, hyperekplexia, lysosomal storage disease, deafness, renal salt loss, kidney stones and osteopetrosis. These disorders are caused by mutations in genes belonging to non-related gene families, i.e. CLC chloride channels and transporters, ABC transporters, and GABA- and glycine receptors. Diseases due to mutations in TMEM16E and bestrophin 1 might be due to a loss of Ca++-activated Cl− channels, although this remains to be shown.
Keywords:Bartter Syndrome, CFTR, Dent's Disease, Gnathodiaphyseal Dysplasia, Macular Dystrophy, Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis, NCL, Thomsen's Disease, Animals
Source:Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular Basis of Disease
Page Range:173-189
Date:March 2009
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbadis.2009.02.002
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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