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Identification and characterization of the 35-kDa beta subunit of guanine-nucleotide-binding proteins by an antiserum raised against transducin

Item Type:Article
Title:Identification and characterization of the 35-kDa beta subunit of guanine-nucleotide-binding proteins by an antiserum raised against transducin
Creators Name:Rosenthal, W., Koesling, D., Rudolph, U., Kleuss, C., Pallast, M., Yajima, M. and Schultz, G.
Abstract:Antisera were raised against the retinal guanine-nucleotide-binding protein (N-protein), transducin, purified from bovine rod outer segments. Sera obtained after repeated injections of antigen recognized all transducin subunits (alpha, beta and gamma). One antiserum, tested for cross-reactivity with non-retinal N-proteins, was found to cross-react with the beta subunits of the ubiquitously occurring N-proteins, Ns and Ni, but not with their respective alpha and gamma subunits. The antiserum also cross-reacted with the beta subunit of the recently identified N-protein, No, which has been found in high abundance in the central nervous system. These data support the similarity of the beta subunits of the N-proteins identified so far. Purification of N-proteins from porcine cerebral cortex without the use of activating ligands yielded fractions containing the isolated alpha subunit of No, free beta gamma complex, Ni, No and fractions containing both N-proteins in various proportions. The purity of the preparations was at least 80% as judged by Coomassie-blue-stained SDS gels. No pure Ns was obtained. Use of the transducin antibody during the course of the purification revealed that the beta subunits coeluted from a gel filtration column largely with the alpha subunits of Ni and No but were hardly detectable in fractions that were able to reconstitute Ns activity into membranes of an Ns-deficient cell line (S49 cyc- lymphoma cells). This indicates that in the central nervous system the concentrations of Ni and No are of magnitudes higher than that of Ns. Two-dimensional gel electrophoresis of N-proteins, purified from porcine cerebral cortex, resulted in the resolution of two major peptides in the 35-kDa region, which differed in their pI values and were identified as beta subunits by the use of the antiserum. Identical results were achieved using crude cholate extracts from membranes of the same tissue instead of purified proteins. The occurrence of different beta subunits may be explained by posttranslational N-protein modification.
Keywords:Cross Reactions, Polyacrylamide Gel Electrophoresis, GTP-Binding Proteins, Immune Sera, Immunization, Membrane Proteins, Phosphorylation, Transducin, Animals, Cattle, Rabbits
Source:European Journal of Biochemistry
Publisher:Blackwell Publishing
Page Range:255-263
Date:15 July 1986
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1432-1033.1986.tb09745.x
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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