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S100A1-deficient male mice exhibit increased exploratory activity and reduced anxiety-related responses

Item Type:Article
Title:S100A1-deficient male mice exhibit increased exploratory activity and reduced anxiety-related responses
Creators Name:Ackermann, G.E. and Marenholz, I. and Wolfer, D.P. and Chan, W.Y. and Schaefer, B. and Erne, P. and Heizmann, C.W.
Abstract:S100 proteins comprise a family of Ca(2+) binding proteins of at least 21 members. They are distinctly expressed in a variety of cell types and tissues and are thought to play unique roles, although they share a high degree of sequence homology and expression overlap. S100A1 is prominently expressed in the heart, where it takes part in Ca(2+)- cycling. Its role in the central nervous system (CNS) is largely unknown. We have generated S100A1-deficient mice by gene trap mutagenesis to study the involvement of S100A1 in the cytoarchitecture of the brain, in learning and memory, and in avoidanceapproach behavior. S100A1 knock out (KO) mice develop well and their brains present with normal morphology. In wild type (Wt) mice, S100A1 protein was found in the hippocampus, cerebral cortex and amygdala, and co-localized with the astrocyte marker glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) in the stratum radiatum of the hippocampus. Astrocytes and neurons of S100A1KO mice did not differ from those of Wt mice regarding shape, distribution and density. In the water maze, S100A1KO mice performed equally well as Wt, implying that S100A1 is not involved in spatial learning and memory. In avoidance-approach tests, predominantly male S100A1KO mice showed reduced anxiety-like responses and enhanced explorative activities. We conclude that S100A1 plays a role in modulating innate fear and exploration of novel stimuli.
Keywords:S100, Mouse, CNS, Anxiety, Exploration, Immunohistochemistry, Animals, Mice
Source:Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular Cell Research
Page Range:1307-1319
Date:November 2006
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbamcr.2006.08.048
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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