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Activation of the peripheral endocannabinoid system in human obesity

Item Type:Article
Title:Activation of the peripheral endocannabinoid system in human obesity
Creators Name:Engeli, S. and Boehnke, J. and Feldpausch, M. and Gorzelniak, K. and Janke, J. and Batkai, S. and Pacher, P. and Harvey-White, J. and Luft, F.C. and Sharma, A.M. and Jordan, J.
Abstract:Obesity is the main risk factor for the development of type 2 diabetes. Activation of the central endocannabinoid system increases food intake and promotes weight gain. Blockade of the cannabinoid type 1 (CB-1) receptor reduces body weight in animals by central and peripheral actions; the role of the peripheral endocannabinoid system in human obesity is now being extensively investigated. We measured circulating endocannabinoid concentrations and studied the expression of CB-1 and the main degrading enzyme, fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH), in adipose tissue of lean (n = 20) and obese (n = 20) women and after a 5% weight loss in a second group of women (n = 17). Circulating levels of anandamide and 1/2-arachidonoylglycerol were increased by 35 and 52% in obese compared with lean women (P < 0.05). Adipose tissue mRNA levels were reduced by −34% for CB-1 and −59% for FAAH in obese subjects (P < 0.05). A strong negative correlation was found between FAAH expression in adipose tissue and circulating endocannabinoids. Circulating endocannabinoids and CB-1 or FAAH expression were not affected by 5% weight loss. The expression of CB-1 and FAAH was increased in mature human adipocytes compared with in preadipocytes and was found in several human tissues. Our findings support the presence of a peripheral endocannabinoid system that is upregulated in human obesity.
Keywords:Adipose Tissue, Amidohydrolases, Arachidonic Acids, Body Composition, Body Mass Index, Cannabinoid Receptor Modulators, Endocannabinoids, Gene Expression, Glycerides, Linear Models, Obesity, Polyunsaturated Alkamides, Postmenopause, Messenger RNA, Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction, Weight Loss
Page Range:2838-2843
Date:1 October 2005
Official Publication:http://diabetes.diabetesjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/54/10/2838
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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