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Benign infantile seizures and paroxysmal dyskinesia caused by an SCN8A mutation

Item Type:Article
Title:Benign infantile seizures and paroxysmal dyskinesia caused by an SCN8A mutation
Creators Name:Gardella, E. and Becker, F. and Møller, R.S. and Schubert, J. and Lemke, J.R. and Larsen, L.H.G. and Eiberg, H. and Nothnagel, M. and Thiele, H. and Altmüller, J. and Syrbe, S. and Merkenschlager, A. and Bast, T. and Steinhoff, B. and Nürnberg, P. and Mang, Y. and Bakke Møller, L. and Gellert, P. and Heron, S.E. and Dibbens, L.M. and Weckhuysen, S. and Dahl, H.A. and Biskup, S. and Tommerup, N. and Hjalgrim, H. and Lerche, H. and Beniczky, S. and Weber, Y.G.
Abstract:OBJECTIVE: Benign familial infantile seizures (BFIS), paroxysmal kinesigenic dyskinesia (PKD), and their combination—known as infantile convulsions and paroxysmal choreoathetosis (ICCA)—are related autosomal dominant diseases. PRRT2 (proline-rich transmembrane protein 2 gene) has been identified as the major gene in all 3 conditions, found to be mutated in 80 to 90% of familial and 30 to 35% of sporadic cases. METHODS: We searched for the genetic defect in PRRT2-negative, unrelated families with BFIS or ICCA using whole exome or targeted gene panel sequencing, and performed a detailed cliniconeurophysiological workup. RESULTS: In 3 families with a total of 16 affected members, we identified the same, cosegregating heterozygous missense mutation (c.4447G>A; p.E1483K) in SCN8A, encoding a voltage-gated sodium channel. A founder effect was excluded by linkage analysis. All individuals except 1 had normal cognitive and motor milestones, neuroimaging, and interictal neurological status. Fifteen affected members presented with afebrile focal or generalized tonic–clonic seizures during the first to second year of life; 5 of them experienced single unprovoked seizures later on. One patient had seizures only at school age. All patients stayed otherwise seizure-free, most without medication. Interictal electroencephalogram (EEG) was normal in all cases but 2. Five of 16 patients developed additional brief paroxysmal episodes in puberty, either dystonic/dyskinetic or “shivering” attacks, triggered by stretching, motor initiation, or emotional stimuli. In 1 case, we recorded typical PKD spells by video-EEG-polygraphy, documenting a cortical involvement. INTERPRETATION: Our study establishes SCN8A as a novel gene in which a recurrent mutation causes BFIS/ICCA, expanding the clinical–genetic spectrum of combined epileptic and dyskinetic syndromes.
Keywords:Benign Neonatal Epilepsy, Chorea, Genetic Predisposition to Disease, Mutation, NAV1.6 Voltage-Gated Sodium Channel, Single Nucleotide Polymorphism
Source:Annals of Neurology
Page Range:428-436
Date:March 2016
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1002/ana.24580
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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