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SSBP1 mutations in dominant optic atrophy with variable retinal degeneration

Item Type:Article
Title:SSBP1 mutations in dominant optic atrophy with variable retinal degeneration
Creators Name:Jurkute, N. and Leu, C. and Pogoda, H.M. and Arno, G. and Robson, A.G. and Nürnberg, G. and Altmüller, J. and Thiele, H. and Motameny, S. and Toliat, M.R. and Powell, K. and Höhne, W. and Michaelides, M. and Webster, A.R. and Moore, A.T. and Hammerschmidt, M. and Nürnberg, P. and Yu-Wai-Man, P. and Votruba, M.
Abstract:OBJECTIVE: Autosomal dominant optic atrophy (ADOA) starts in early childhood with loss of visual acuity and color vision deficits. OPA1 mutations are responsible for the majority of cases, but in a portion of patients with a clinical diagnosis of ADOA, the cause remains unknown. This study aimed to identify novel ADOA-associated genes and explore their causality. METHODS: Linkage analysis and sequencing were performed in multigeneration families and unrelated patients to identify disease-causing variants. Functional consequences were investigated in silico and confirmed experimentally using the zebrafish model. RESULTS: We defined a new ADOA locus on 7q33-q35 and identified 3 different missense variants in SSBP1 (NM_001256510.1; c.113G>A [p.(Arg38Gln)], c.320G>A [p.(Arg107Gln)] and c.422G>A [p.(Ser141Asn)]) in affected individuals from 2 families and 2 singletons with ADOA and variable retinal degeneration. The mutated arginine residues are part of a basic patch that is essential for single-strand DNA binding. The loss of a positive charge at these positions is very likely to lower the affinity of SSBP1 for single-strand DNA. Antisense-mediated knockdown of endogenous ssbp1 messenger RNA (mRNA) in zebrafish resulted in compromised differentiation of retinal ganglion cells. A similar effect was achieved when mutated mRNAs were administered. These findings point toward an essential role of ssbp1 in retinal development and the dominant-negative nature of the identified human variants, which is consistent with the segregation pattern observed in 2 multigeneration families studied. INTERPRETATION: SSBP1 is an essential protein for mitochondrial DNA replication and maintenance. Our data have established pathogenic variants in SSBP1 as a cause of ADOA and variable retinal degeneration.
Keywords:Cell Differentiation, Cultured Cells, DNA-Binding Proteins, Gene Knockdown Techniques, Genetic Linkage, Genetic Predisposition to Disease, Mitochondrial Proteins, Missense Mutation, Autosomal Dominant Optic Atrophy, Pedigree, Messenger RNA, Retinal Degeneration, Animals, Mice, Zebrafish
Source:Annals of Neurology
Page Range:368-383
Date:September 2019
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1002/ana.25550
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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