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Phenotyping placental oxygenation in Lgals1 deficient mice using (19)F MRI

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Item Type:Article
Title:Phenotyping placental oxygenation in Lgals1 deficient mice using (19)F MRI
Creators Name:Boehm-Sturm, P. and Mueller, S. and Freitag, N. and Borowski, S. and Foddis, M. and Koch, S.P. and Temme, S. and Flögel, U. and Blois, S.M.
Abstract:Placental hypoperfusion and hypoxia are key drivers in complications during fetal development such as fetal growth restriction and preeclampsia. In order to study the mechanisms of disease in mouse models, the development of quantitative biomarkers of placental hypoxia is a prerequisite. The goal of this exploratory study was to establish a technique to noninvasively characterize placental partial pressure of oxygen (PO(2)) in vivo in the Lgals1 (lectin, galactoside-binding, soluble, 1) deficient mouse model of preeclampsia using fluorine magnetic resonance imaging. We hypothesized a decrease in placental oxygenation in knockout mice. Wildtype and knockout animals received fluorescently labeled perfluoro-5-crown-15-ether nanoemulsion i.v. on day E14-15 during pregnancy. Placental PO(2) was assessed via calibrated (19)F MRI saturation recovery T(1) mapping. A gas challenge with varying levels of oxygen in breathing air (30%, 60% and 100% O(2)) was used to validate that changes in oxygenation can be detected in freely breathing, anesthetized animals. At the end of the experiment, fluorophore-coupled lectin was injected i.v. to label the vasculature for histology. Differences in PO(2) between breathing conditions and genotype were statistically analyzed with linear mixed-effects modeling. As expected, a significant increase in PO(2) with increasing oxygen in breathing air was found. PO(2) in Lgals1 knockout animals was decreased but this effect was only present at 30% oxygen in breathing air, not at 60% and 100%. Histological examinations showed crossing of the perfluorocarbon nanoemulsion to the fetal blood pool but the dominating contribution of (19)F MR signal is estimated at > 70% from maternal plasma based on volume fraction measurements of previous studies. These results show for the first time that (19)F MRI can characterize oxygenation in mouse models of placental malfunction.
Keywords:Animals, Mice
Source:Scientific Reports
ISSN:2045-2322
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
Volume:11
Number:1
Page Range:2126
Date:22 January 2021
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-80408-9
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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