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Häufigkeit von Asthma bronchiale und Alter bei der Erstdiagnose - erste Ergebnisse der NAKO Gesundheitsstudie [Occurrence of bronchial asthma and age at initial asthma diagnosis-first results of the German National Cohort]

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Item Type:Article
Title:Häufigkeit von Asthma bronchiale und Alter bei der Erstdiagnose - erste Ergebnisse der NAKO Gesundheitsstudie [Occurrence of bronchial asthma and age at initial asthma diagnosis-first results of the German National Cohort]
Creators Name:Langer, S. and Horn, J. and Kluttig, A. and Mikolajczyk, R. and Karrasch, S. and Schulz, H. and Wichmann, H.E. and Linseisen, J. and Jaeschke, L. and Pischon, T. and Fricke, J. and Keil, T. and Ahrens, W. and Günther, K. and Kuß, O. and Schikowski, T. and Schmidt, B. and Jöckel, K.H. and Michels, K.B. and Franzke, C.W. and Becher, H. and Jagodzinski, A. and Castell, S. and Kemmling, Y. and Lieb, W. and Waniek, S. and Wirkner, K. and Löffler, M. and Kaaks, R. and Greiser, K.H. and Berger, K. and Legath, N. and Meinke-Franze, C. and Schipf, S. and Leitzmann, M. and Baurecht, H. and Weigl, K. and Amitay, E. and Gottschick, C.
Abstract:BACKGROUND: Asthma is one of the most common chronic diseases in both children and adults. Asthma first occurring in adulthood (adult-onset asthma, AOA) is associated with poorer prognosis compared to childhood-onset asthma (COA), which urgently calls for more research in this area. The aim of this work was to analyze the data on asthma collected in the German National Cohort and compare it with the German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Adults (DEGS), in particular regarding AOA. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Our analysis was based on the dataset of the main questionnaire at mid-term of the German National Cohort baseline examination, comprising 101,723 participants. Variables considered in the analyses were self-reported diagnosis of asthma, age at first diagnosis, asthma treatment in the past 12 months, age, and sex. RESULTS: In the midterm dataset, 8.7% of women and 7.0% of men in the German National Cohort reported that they had ever been diagnosed with asthma. Approximately one third of participants with asthma received their initial diagnosis before their 18th birthday. COA affected 2.2% of women and 2.8% of men, whereas AOA affected 6.5% of women and 4.2% of men. During the previous 12 months, 33% of COA cases and 60% of AOA cases were medically treated. CONCLUSION: The proportion of persons affected by asthma in the German National Cohort, as well as observed patterns regarding age and gender, corresponds to other data sources such as DEGS. However, in our analysis, the proportion of individuals with AOA was higher than described in the literature. The increase in cumulative asthma diagnoses with age is markedly steeper in younger participants, indicating a rising trend over time.
Keywords:Asthma, Chronic Diseases, Respiratory Diseases, General Population, Cohort Study
Source:Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
ISSN:1436-9990
Publisher:Springer
Volume:63
Number:4
Page Range:397-403
Date:April 2020
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1007/s00103-020-03105-y
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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