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Computational approaches to discovering noncoding RNA

Item Type:Review
Title:Computational approaches to discovering noncoding RNA
Creators Name:Krzyzanowski, P.M. and Muro, E.M. and Andrade-Navarro, M.A.
Abstract:New developments are being brought to the field of molecular biology with the mounting evidence that RNA transcripts not translated into protein (noncoding RNAs, ncRNAs) hold a variety of biological functions. Computational discovery of ncRNAs is one of these developments, fueled not only by the urge to characterize these sequences but also by necessity to prioritize ones with the most relevant functions for experimental verification. The heterogeneity in size and mode of activity of ncRNAs is reflected in the corresponding diversity of computational methods for their study. Sequence and structural analysis, conservation across species, and relative position to other genomic elements are being used for ncRNA detection. In addition, the recent development of techniques that allow deep sequencing of cell transcripts either globally or from isolated ncRNA-related material is leading the field toward increased use of such high-throughput data. We expect that imminent breakthroughs will include the classification of newer types of ncRNA and new insights into miRNA and piRNA biology, eventually leading toward the completion of a catalog of all human ncRNAs.
Keywords:Bacteria, Computational Biology, Molecular Biology, RNA Sequence Analysis, Untranslated RNA, Viruses, Animals
Source:Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: RNA
Page Range:567-579
Date:July 2012
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1002/wrna.1121
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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