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Comparative genomics identification of a novel set of temporally regulated hedgehog target genes in the retina

Item Type:Article
Title:Comparative genomics identification of a novel set of temporally regulated hedgehog target genes in the retina
Creators Name:McNeill, B. and Perez-Iratxeta, C. and Mazerolle, C. and Furimsky, M. and Mishina, Y. and Andrade-Navarro, M.A. and Wallace, V.A.
Abstract:The hedgehog (Hh) signaling pathway is involved in numerous developmental and adult processes with many links to cancer. In vertebrates, the activity of the Hh pathway is mediated primarily through three Gli transcription factors (Gli1, 2 and 3) that can serve as transcriptional activators or repressors. The identification of Gli target genes is essential for the understanding of the Hh-mediated processes. We used a comparative genomics approach using the mouse and human genomes to identify 390 genes that contained conserved Gli binding sites. Q-PCR validation of 46 target genes in E14.5 and P0.5 retinal explants revealed that Hh pathway activation resulted in the modulation of 30 of these targets, 25 of which demonstrated a temporal regulation. Further validation revealed that the expressions of Bok, FoxA1, Sox8 and Wnt7a were dependent upon Sonic Hh (Shh) signaling in the retina and their regulation is under positive and negative controls by Gli2 and Gli3, respectively. We also show using chromatin immunoprecipitation that Gli2 binds to the Sox8 promoter, suggesting that Sox8 is an Hh-dependent direct target of Gli2. Finally, we demonstrate that the Hh pathway also modulates the expressions of Sox9 and Sox10, which together with Sox8 make up the SoxE group. Previously, it has been shown that Hh and SoxE group genes promote Mueller glial cell development in the retina. Our data are consistent with the possibility for a role of SoxE group genes downstream of Hh signaling on Mueller cell development.
Keywords:Hedgehog, Gli Transcription Factors, Development, Progenitor Cells, Retina, Animals, Mice
Source:Molecular and Cellular Neuroscience
Publisher:Elsevier / Academic Press
Page Range:333-340
Date:March 2012
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mcn.2011.12.008
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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