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Catechol-O-methyltransferase val158met genotype influences neural processing of reward anticipation

Item Type:Article
Title:Catechol-O-methyltransferase val158met genotype influences neural processing of reward anticipation
Creators Name:Schmack, K. and Schlagenhauf, F. and Sterzer, P. and Wrase, J. and Beck, A. and Dembler, T. and Kalus, P. and Puls, I. and Sander, T. and Heinz, A. and Gallinat, J.
Abstract:Reward processing depends critically on dopaminergic neurotransmission in the ventral striatum. The common polymorphism val(158)met of catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) accounts for significant interindividual variations in dopamine (DA) degradation, although the direct effect of COMT on striatal DA might be limited. Using fMRI we assessed the influence of COMT val(158)met genotype on brain activations elicited by the anticipation of monetary gains and losses in forty-four healthy volunteers. We found that the met(158) allele, which is presumably linked to higher synaptic DA levels, was associated with higher responses in ventral striatum to loss incentives. There was a linear relationship between the number of met(158) alleles and ventral striatal activity. Furthermore, we observed a similar gene-dose effect in the anterior temporal cortex, a region that has been linked to the coupling of sensory information with emotional contents. Temporal cortex also showed enhanced connectivity to the ventral striatum during the processing of incentive stimuli. Increased ventral striatal reactivity to loss incentives related to the met(158) allele might contribute to the observed association of the met(158) allele to higher loss aversion behaviour. Current evidence and our results are compatible with an interpretation that construes this effect of COMT genotype on striatal reactivity as a result of a cortico-striatal interaction.
Keywords:Catechol-O-Methyltransferase, Dopamine, Functional MRI, Genetics, Reward
Publisher:Academic Press
Page Range:1053-8119
Date:1 October 2008
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2008.06.019
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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