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The Valsalva maneuver: screening for drug-induced baroreflex dysfunction

Item Type:Article
Title:The Valsalva maneuver: screening for drug-induced baroreflex dysfunction
Creators Name:Schroeder, C. and Heusser, K. and Tank, J. and Diedrich, A. and Luft, F.C. and Jordan, J.
Abstract:OBJECTIVE: Many drugs can interfere with baroreflex mechanisms thereby impairing blood pressure control, but few have undergone sufficient testing. The state of affairs may be explained by the lack of simple and inexpensive screening tests. METHODS: In eleven healthy men, we tested the hypothesis that a simple Valsalva maneuver could detect drug-induced changes in baroreflex function that have previously been described using more elaborate and invasive methodologies. They performed Valsalva maneuvers after selective pharmacological inhibition of the norepinephrine transporter (NET) in a placebo-controlled, double-blind, randomized, crossover fashion. Patients with severe autonomic failure served as positive controls. RESULTS: NET inhibition profoundly augmented the blood pressure decrease during phase II and attenuated the blood pressure overshoot in phase IV compared with placebo. Furthermore, NET inhibition increased the heart rate response during the Valsalva maneuver. INTERPRETATION: The Valsalva maneuver recapitulated complex alterations in baroreflex regulation during NET inhibition. Thus, this simple and inexpensive test could be employed as a screening tool for drug-induced baroreflex dysfunction.
Keywords:Clinical Pharmacology, Baroreflex, Valsalva Maneuver, Human, Norepinephrine Transporter
Source:Clinical Autonomic Research
ISSN:0959-9851
Publisher:Springer (Germany)
Volume:19
Number:1
Page Range:32-38
Date:February 2009
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1007/s10286-008-0508-6
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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