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Similarity by state/descent and genetic vector spaces: analysis of a longitudinal family study

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Item Type:Article
Title:Similarity by state/descent and genetic vector spaces: analysis of a longitudinal family study
Creators Name:Stassen, H.H. and Hoffman, K. and Scharfetter, C.
Abstract:Using the genome-wide screening data of the Framingham Heart Study (394 nuclear families, 1328 genotyped subjects, 397 marker loci) we have quantified the underlying genetic diversity through high-dimensional genetic feature vectors and constructed a genetic vector space for the analysis of population substructure. Adaptive clustering procedures led to three major subgroups that were regarded as being related to "biological" ethnicity and that included more than 70% of the subjects. Based on these subgroups we addressed the question of ethnicity-related and ethnicity-independent risk factors for coronary heart disease (CHD). To this end, we relied upon hypertension as an endophenotype of CHD and applied a multivariate sib-pair method in order to search for oligogenic marker configurations for which the sib-sib similarities deviated from the parent-offspring similarities. Indeed, the latter similarities are always "0.5" irrespective of the affection status of parents and offspring. Loci with significant contributions to the oligogenic marker configuration constituted a CHD-specific genetic vector space. We found several ethnicity-independent signals. One signal on chromosome 8 may relate to the CYP11B1/CYP11B2 genes.
Keywords:Aldosterone Synthase, Pair 8 Human Chromosomes, Cluster Analysis, Coronary Disease, Ethnic Groups, Genetic Markers, Human Genome, Hypertension, Longitudinal Studies, Matched-Pair Analysis, Multifactorial Inheritance, Multivariate Analysis, Phenotype, Heritable Quantitative Trait, Siblings, Steroid 11-beta-Hydroxylase, Variation
Source:BMC Genetics
Publisher:BioMed Central (U.K.)
Number:Suppl 1
Page Range:S59
Date:31 December 2003
Official Publication:http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2156/4/S1/S59
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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