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Genome-wide analysis indicates more Asian than Melanesian ancestry of Polynesians

Item Type:Article
Title:Genome-wide analysis indicates more Asian than Melanesian ancestry of Polynesians
Creators Name:Kayser, M. and Lao, O. and Saar, K. and Brauer, S. and Wang, X. and Nuernberg, P. and Trent, R.J. and Stoneking, M.
Abstract:Analyses of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) and nonrecombining Y chromosome (NRY) variation in the same populations are sometimes concordant but sometimes discordant. Perhaps the most dramatic example known of the latter concerns Polynesians, in which about 94% of Polynesian mtDNAs are of East Asian origin, while about 66% of Polynesian Y chromosomes are of Melanesian origin. Here we analyze on a genome-wide scale, to our knowledge for the first time, the origins of the autosomal gene pool of Polynesians by screening 377 autosomal short tandem repeat (STR) loci in 47 Pacific Islanders and compare the results with those obtained from 44 Chinese and 24 individuals from Papua New Guinea. Our data indicate that on average about 79% of the Polynesian autosomal gene pool is of East Asian origin and 21% is of Melanesian origin. The genetic data thus suggest a dual origin of Polynesians with a high East Asian but also considerable Melanesian component, reflecting sex-biased admixture in Polynesian history in agreement with the Slow Boat model. More generally, these results also demonstrate that conclusions based solely on uniparental markers, which are frequently used in population history studies, may not accurately reflect the history of the autosomal gene pool of a population.
Keywords:Admixture Proportions, Speaking Peoples, Y-Chromosomes, mtDNA, Origins, Diversity, Lineages
Source:American Journal of Human Genetics
ISSN:0002-9297
Publisher:University of Chicago Press (U.S.A.)
Volume:82
Number:1
Page Range:194-198
Date:10 January 2008
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajhg.2007.09.010
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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