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Technique and clinical consequences of sentinel lymph node biopsy in colorectal cancer

Item Type:Review
Title:Technique and clinical consequences of sentinel lymph node biopsy in colorectal cancer
Creators Name:Bembenek, A. and String, A. and Gretschel, S. and Schlag, P.M.
Abstract:Sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) in colorectal cancer (CRC) is a controversial issue. Different detection techniques, various protocols for the histopathological work-up of the SLN and a greatly differing experience between the investigators make the comparison of the available studies problematic. Nevertheless, it is clear, that the successful clinical application of SLNB in breast cancer and melanoma cannot simply be transferred into colorectal cancer treatment. In this paper we try to define the current status of clinical application of this technique in CRC by means of a literature review and our own experience. Moreover, the background and the potential clinical implications of additionally small tumor deposits in the SLN (so-called "upstaging") is critically reviewed. Summarizing the results, it is clear, that the value of SLNB in CRC is still unclear. If current techniques are to be applied outside a study protocol and no patient selection is performed the correct identification of macrometastases needs further investigation. Although still under debate, there is otherwise growing evidence, that -at least if RT-PCR-techniques are used- the detection of small tumor deposits in the SLN may be of prognostic and therefore clinical value. Future studies should focus on two subjects: First, alternative detection techniques and careful patient selection may clarify, if an improvement of the sensitivity to detect macrometastases is feasible. Second, large prospective trials using a standardized histopathological lymph node assessment should compare SLN and Non-SLN for its incidence to bear small tumor deposits. If SLNB proves to be sensitive, the prognostic and predictive value of these additional findings should be clarified.
Keywords:Sentinel, Lymph Node, Colon, Colorectal, Technique, Micrometastases
Source:Surgical Oncology
Publisher:Elsevier (The Netherlands)
Page Range:183-193
Date:September 2008
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.suronc.2008.05.003
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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