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Sortilin-related receptor with A-type repeats (SORLA) affects the amyloid precursor protein-dependent stimulation of ERK signaling and adult neurogenesis

Official URL:http://dx.doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M710574200
PubMed:View item in PubMed
Creators Name:Rohe, M. and Carlo, A.S. and Breyhan, H. and Sporbert, A. and Militz, D. and Schmidt, V. and Wozny, C. and Harmeier, A. and Erdmann, B. and Bales, K.R. and Wolf, S.A. and Kempermann, G. and Paul, S.M. and Schmitz, D. and Bayer, T.A. and Willnow, T.E. and Andersen, O.M.
Journal Title:Journal of Biological Chemistry
Journal Abbreviation:J Biol Chem
Page Range:14826-14834
Date:23 May 2008
Keywords:Aging, Amyloid beta-Protein Precursor, Cell Differentiation, Electrophysiology, Enzyme Activation, Extracellular Signal-Regulated MAP Kinases, MAP Kinase Signaling System, Membrane Transport Proteins, Neurons, Patch-Clamp Techniques, LDL Receptors, Animals, Mice
Abstract:SORLA is a sorting receptor that impairs processing of APP to soluble (s) APP and to Ass in cultured neurons, and that is poorly expressed in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). Here, we evaluated the consequences of Sorla gene defects on brain anatomy and function using mouse models of receptor deficiency. In line with a protective role for SORLA in APP metabolism, lack of the receptor results in increased amyloidogenic processing of endogenous APP, and in aggravated plaque deposition when introduced into PDAPP mice expressing mutant human APP. Surprisingly, increased levels of sAPP caused by receptor deficiency correlate with profound stimulation of neuronal ERK signaling and with enhanced neurogenesis, providing in vivo support for neurotrophic functions of sAPP. Our data document a role for SORLA not only in control of plaque burden but also in APP-dependent neuronal signaling, and suggest a molecular explanation for increased neurogenesis observed in some AD patients.
Publisher:American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (U.S.A.)
Additional Information:Copyright (c) 2008 by The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Item Type:Article

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