Helmholtz Gemeinschaft

Search
Browse
Statistics
Feeds

Astrocytes discriminate and selectively respond to the activity of a subpopulation of neurons within the barrel cortex

Item Type:Article
Title:Astrocytes discriminate and selectively respond to the activity of a subpopulation of neurons within the barrel cortex
Creators Name:Schipke, C.G. and Haas, B. and Kettenmann, H.
Abstract:Sensory information from single whiskers in rodents projects to defined morphological units in the cortex, the barrels. We found that astrocytes selectively respond with an increase in the cytosolic Ca(2+) concentration to activation of layer 4 neurons, the input cells of the barrel columns. The neuronal Ca(2+) signal also spread across barrel column borders mainly in layer 2/3, but the glutamate-mediated astrocyte response stayed restricted to the barrel column. In contrast, when interfering with inhibitory pathways by blocking either purinergic, adenosine or gamma-aminobutyric acid(A) receptors, the stimulation activated a Ca(2+) response in a much larger astrocyte population no longer restricted to the borders of the barrel column. We also observed spontaneous and evoked Ca(2+) activity in the synaptic target cells of layer 4 neurons, the layer 2/3 pyramidal cells, but again, we never recorded Ca(2+) responses in astrocytes following activity in this neuronal population. Our data show that astrocytes can discriminate and selectively respond to the activity of a subpopulation of excitatory neurons within a given brain region. This selectivity in the astrocyte response describes a new level of complexity and integration in the reaction of astrocytes to neuronal activity.
Keywords:Astrocyte, Barrel Cortex, Calcium, Neuron–Glia Interaction, Slice
Source:Cerebral Cortex
ISSN:1047-3211
Publisher:Oxford University Press (U.K.)
Volume:18
Number:10
Page Range:2450-2459
Date:October 2008
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1093/cercor/bhn009
PubMed:View item in PubMed

Repository Staff Only: item control page

Open Access
MDC Library