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(-)-Adrenaline elicits positive inotropic, lusitropic, and biochemical effects through beta2 -adrenoceptors in human atrial myocardium from nonfailing and failing hearts, consistent with Gs coupling but not with Gi coupling

Item Type:Article
Title:(-)-Adrenaline elicits positive inotropic, lusitropic, and biochemical effects through beta2 -adrenoceptors in human atrial myocardium from nonfailing and failing hearts, consistent with Gs coupling but not with Gi coupling
Creators Name:Molenaar, P. and Savarimuthu, S.M. and Sarsero, D. and Chen, L. and Semmler, A.B.T. and Carle, A. and Yang, I. and Bartel, S. and Vetter, D. and Beyerdoerfer, I. and Krause, E.G. and Kaumann, A.J.
Abstract:Activation of either coexisting beta1- or beta2 -adrenoceptors with noradrenaline or adrenaline, respectively, causes maximum increases of contractility of human atrial myocardium. Previous biochemical work with the beta2 -selective agonist zinterol is consistent with activation of the cascade beta2 -adrenoceptors-->Gsalpha-protein-->adenylyl cyclase-->cAMP-->protein kinase (PKA)-->phosphorylation of phospholamban, troponin I, and C-protein-->hastened relaxation of human atria from nonfailing hearts. However, in feline and rodent myocardium, catecholamines and zinterol usually do not hasten relaxation through activation of beta2 -adrenoceptors, presumably because of coupling of the receptors to Gi protein. It is unknown whether the endogenously occurring beta2 -adrenoceptor agonist adrenaline acts through the above cascade in human atrium and whether its mode of action could be changed in heart failure. We assessed the effects of (-)-adrenaline, mediated through beta2 -adrenoceptors (in the presence of CGP 20712A 300 nM to block beta1 -adrenoceptors), on contractility and relaxation of right atrial trabecula obtained from nonfailing and failing human hearts. Cyclic AMP levels were measured as well as phosphorylation of phospholamban, troponin I, and protein C with Western blots and the back-phosphorylation procedure. For comparison, beta1 -adrenoceptor-mediated effects of (-)-noradrenaline were investigated in the presence of ICI 118,551 (50 nM to block beta2 -adrenoceptors). The positive inotropic effects of both (-)-noradrenaline and (-)-adrenaline were accompanied by reductions in time to peak force and time to reach 50% relaxation. (-)-Adrenaline caused similar positive inotropic and lusitropic effects in atrial trabeculae from failing hearts. However, the inotropic potency, but not the lusitropic potency, of (-)-noradrenaline was reduced fourfold in atrial trabeculae from heart failure patients. Both (-)-adrenaline and (-)-noradrenaline enhanced cyclic AMP levels and produced phosphorylation of phospholamban, troponin I, and C-protein to a similar extent in atrial trabeculae from nonfailing hearts. The hastening of relaxation caused by (-)-adrenaline together with the PKA-catalyzed phosphorylation of the three proteins involved in relaxation, indicate coupling of beta2 -adrenoceptors to Gs protein. The phosphorylation of phospholamban at serine16 and threonine17 evoked by (-)-adrenaline through beta2 -adrenoceptors and by (-)-noradrenaline through beta1 -adrenoceptors was not different in atria from nonfailing and failing hearts. Activation of beta2 -adrenoceptors caused an increase in phosphorylase a activity in atrium from failing hearts further emphasizing the presence of the beta2 -adrenoceptor-Gsalpha-protein pathway in human heart. The positive inotropic and lusitropic potencies of (-)-adrenaline were conserved across Arg16Gly- and Gln27Glu-beta2 -adrenoceptor polymorphisms in the right atrium from patients undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery, chronically treated with beta1 -selective blockers. The persistent relaxant and biochemical effects of (-)-adrenaline through beta2 -adrenoceptors and of (-)-noradrenaline through beta1 -adrenoceptors in heart failure are inconsistent with an important role of coupling of beta2 -adrenoceptors with Gialpha-protein in human atrial myocardium.
Keywords:Human heart, Human atrium, beta2-Adrenoceptors, beta1-Adrenoceptors, (-)-Adrenaline, (-)-Noradrenaline, Cyclic AMP, PKA, Gs-alpha-protein, Phospholamban, Troponin I, C-protein, Phosphorylase a, beta2-Adrenoceptor polymorphism
Source:Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology
Page Range:11-28
Date:March 2007
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1007/s00210-007-0138-x
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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