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Tissue-specific transcription factor HNF4alpha inhibits cell proliferation and induces apoptosis in the pancreatic INS-1 beta-cell line

Item Type:Article
Title:Tissue-specific transcription factor HNF4alpha inhibits cell proliferation and induces apoptosis in the pancreatic INS-1 beta-cell line
Creators Name:Erdmann, S. and Senkel, S. and Arndt, T. and Lucas, B. and Lausen, J. and Klein-Hitpass, L. and Ryffel, G.U. and Thomas, H.
Abstract:Hepatocyte nuclear factor 4alpha (HNF4alpha) is a tissue-specific transcription factor expressed in many cell types, including pancreatic beta-cells. Mutations in the HNF4alpha gene in humans give rise to maturity-onset diabetes of the young (MODY1) characterized by defective insulin secretion by beta-cells. To elucidate the mechanism underlying this disease, we introduced the splice form HNF4alpha2 or HNF4alpha8 into the rat beta-cell line INS-1. Upon tetracycline-induced expression, both HNF4alpha isoforms caused distinct changes in cell morphology and a massive loss of cell numbers that was correlated with reduced proliferation and induced apoptosis. This differential activity was reflected in oligonucleotide microarray analysis that identified more genes affected by HNF4alpha2 compared to HNF4alpha8, and suggests that both isoforms regulate largely the same set of genes, with HNF4alpha2 being a stronger transactivator. We verified the induction of selected transcripts by real-time RT-PCR, including KAI1 and AIF, both known to have apoptotic potential. By establishing cell lines with inducible expression of these target genes, we deduce that both factors are insufficient to induce apoptosis. We propose that the anti-proliferative and apoptotic properties of HNF4alpha may be an essential feature impaired in MODY1 and possibly also in type 2 diabetes.
Keywords:Cell Multiplication, Endocrine Pancreas, Gene Expression, MODY1, Tetracycline Induction
Source:Biological Chemistry
ISSN:1431-6730
Publisher:de Gruyter (Germany)
Volume:388
Number:1
Page Range:91-106
Date:January 2007
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1515/BC.2007.011
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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