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Cardiovascular autonomic regulation in Non-Obese Diabetic (NOD) mice

Item Type:Article
Title:Cardiovascular autonomic regulation in Non-Obese Diabetic (NOD) mice
Creators Name:Gross, V. and Tank, J. and Partke, H.J. and Plehm, R. and Diedrich, A. and da Costa Goncalves, A.C. and Luft, F.C. and Jordan, J.
Abstract:Non-Obese Diabetic (NOD) mice show profound pathomorphological changes in sympathetic ganglia during the development of type 1 diabetes mellitus. We tested the hypothesis that NOD mice represent an experimental model to investigate cardiovascular changes seen in humans with diabetic autonomic neuropathy. Blood glucose (BG) levels were measured once a week. Diabetes mellitus was diagnosed as BG levels exceeded 250 mg/dl twice. NOD mice that did not become diabetic served as control group. Blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR) were monitored by telemetry and baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) was calculated with the sequence method or with cross spectral analysis. The measurements were obtained before onset of diabetes and during the 4th week of diabetes. The onset of diabetes was accompanied by a continuous decline in HR (615+/-14 vs. 498+/-23 bpm), whereas BP values remained stable (108+/-2 vs. 111+/-2 mm Hg). The circadian HR rhythm increased in diabetic NOD mice. BRS was higher in diabetic NOD mice than in controls. Atropine reduced BRS more profoundly in diabetic mice compared to non-diabetic mice. Despite pathomorphological similarities of the diabetic autonomic neuropathy between patients with diabetes and diabetic NOD mice, the changes in blood pressure regulation are different. In conclusion the use of diabetic NOD mice as a functional model for human diabetes may be questioned.
Keywords:NOD Mice, Blood Pressure, Diabetic Neuropathy, Autonomic Nervous System, Spectral Analysis, Baroreflex, Animals, Mice
Source:Autonomic Neuroscience
Page Range:108-113
Date:29 February 2008
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.autneu.2007.11.006
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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