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The location of small tumor deposits in the SLN predicts Non-SLN macrometastases in breast cancer patients

Item Type:Article
Title:The location of small tumor deposits in the SLN predicts Non-SLN macrometastases in breast cancer patients
Creators Name:Li, J. and Haensch, W. and Rudas, M. and Kemmner, W. and Warnick, P. and Fischer, J. and Gnant, M. and Schlag, P.M. and Bembenek, A.
Abstract:AIMS: The extent to which the location of micrometastases (MIC) or isolated tumor cells (ITC) in sentinel lymph nodes (SLNs) is correlated with the risk of downstream metastases is still unknown. This study examined this issue and compared the impact of MIC/ITC location with other established risk factors. METHODS: Paraffin slides of SLNs with MIC/ITC-involvement obtained from 68 breast cancer patients were evaluated for MIC/ITC location, lesion size, and various SLN morphologic features. These parameters, together with demographic data and primary tumor characteristics, were analyzed using univariate and multivariate analysis to determine their association with the presence of downstream macrometastases in Non-SLN. RESULTS: Eighteen of 68 patients with MIC (n=37) or ITC (n=31) had Non-SLN metastases. After multivariate analysis, the location of MIC/ITC in the SLN (parenchyma vs. sinus/vessel) had the strongest association with the presence of Non-SLN macrometastases (p<0.0001), followed by the pT-category (p=0.008). Sixteen of 18 patients with parenchymal involvement but only 2 of 31 without parenchymal involvement had Non-SLN macrometastases. The metric size of the primary tumor and the estrogen receptor status were significantly associated only on univariate analysis (p=0.041, 0.034), whereas the correlation to the size classification for tumor cell deposits (MIC vs. ITC) was not significant (p=0.077). CONCLUSIONS: The results indicate that lesion location is an important predictor of Non-SLN-macrometastases. This finding may simplify the decision for axillary treatment in patients with small tumor deposits in the SLN.
Keywords:Breast Cancer, Sentinel Lymph Node, Isolated Tumor Cells, Micrometastases, Non-Sentinel Lymph Node Involvement
Source:European Journal of Surgical Oncology
Page Range:857-862
Date:August 2008
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejso.2007.07.009
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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