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The vasodilator 17,18-epoxyeicosatetraenoic acid targets the pore-forming BK alpha channel subunit in rodents

Item Type:Article
Title:The vasodilator 17,18-epoxyeicosatetraenoic acid targets the pore-forming BK alpha channel subunit in rodents
Creators Name:Hercule, H.C. and Salanova, B. and Essin, K. and Horst, H. and Falck, J.R. and Sausbier, M. and Rut, P. and Schunck, W.H. and Luft, F.C. and Gollasch, M.
Abstract:17,18-Epoxyeicosatetraenoic acid (17,18-EETeTr) stimulates vascular large-conductance K(+) (BK) channels. BK channels are composed of the pore-forming BK alpha and auxiliary BK beta1 subunits that confer an increased sensitivity for changes in membrane potential and calcium to BK channels. Ryanodine-sensitive calcium-release channels (RyR3) in the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) control the process. To elucidate the mechanism of BK channel activation, we performed whole-cell and perforated-patch clamp experiments in freshly isolated cerebral and mesenteric artery vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) from Sprague-Dawley rats, BK beta1 gene-deficient (-/-), BK alpha (-/-), RyR3 (-/-) and wild-type mice. The 17,18-EETeTr (100 nm) increased tetraethylammonium (1 mm)-sensitive outward K(+) currents in VSMC from wild-type rats and wild-type mice. The effects were not inhibited by the epoxyeicosatrienoic acid (EET) antagonist 14,15-epoxyeicosa-5(Z)-enoic acid (10 mum). BK channel currents were increased 3.5-fold in VSMC from BK beta1 (-/-) mice, whereas a 2.9-fold stimulation was observed in VSMC from RyR3 (-/-) mice (at membrane voltage 60 mV). The effects were similar compared with those observed in cells from wild-type mice. The BK current increase was neither influenced by strong internal calcium buffering (Ca(2)(+), 100 nm), nor by external calcium influx. The 17,18-EETeTr did not induce outward currents in VSMC BK alpha (-/-) cells. We next tested the vasodilator effects of 17,18-EETeTr on isolated arteries of BK alpha-deficient mice. Vasodilatation was largely inhibited in cerebral and mesenteric arteries isolated from BK alpha (-/-) mice compared with that observed in wild-type and BK beta1 (-/-) arteries. We conclude that 17,18-EETeTr represents an endogenous BK channel agonist and vasodilator. Since 17,18-EETeTr is active in small arteries lacking BK beta1, the data further suggest that BK alpha represents the molecular target for the principal action of 17,18-EETeTr. Finally, the action of 17,18-EETeTr is not mediated by changes of the internal global calcium concentration or local SR calcium release events.
Keywords:Arachidonic Acids, Calcium, Calcium Signaling, Cerebral Arteries, Large-Conductance Calcium-Activated Potassium Channels, Membrane Potentials, Mesenteric Arteries, Patch-Clamp Techniques, Protein Subunits, Ryanodine Receptor Calcium Release Channel, Vascular Smooth Muscle, Vasodilator Agents, Animals, Mice, Rats
Source:Experimental Physiology
Publisher:Blackwell Publishing
Page Range:1067-1076
Date:November 2007
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1113/expphysiol.2007.038166
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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