Helmholtz Gemeinschaft

Search
Browse
Statistics
Feeds

Albumin-Binding Prodrugs of Camptothecin and Doxorubicin with an Ala-Leu-Ala-Leu-Linker That Are Cleaved by Cathepsin B: Synthesis and Antitumor Efficacy

Item Type:Article
Title:Albumin-Binding Prodrugs of Camptothecin and Doxorubicin with an Ala-Leu-Ala-Leu-Linker That Are Cleaved by Cathepsin B: Synthesis and Antitumor Efficacy
Creators Name:Schmid, B. and Chung, D.E. and Warnecke, A. and Fichtner, I. and Kratz, F.
Abstract:We have recently validated a macromolecular prodrug strategy for improved cancer chemotherapy based on two features: (a) rapid and selective binding of thiol-reactive prodrugs to the cysteine-34 position of endogenous albumin and (b) acid-sensitive promoted or enzymatic release of the drug at the tumor site [Kratz, F., Warnecke, A., Scheuemann, K., Stockmar, C., Schwab, J., Lazar, P., Druckes, P., Esser, N., Drevs, J., Rognan, D., Bissantz, C., Hinderling, C., Folkers, G., Fichtner, I., and Unger, C. (2002) J. Med. Chem. 45, 5523-33]. In the present work, we developed water-soluble camptothecin (CPT) and doxorubicin (DOXO) prodrugs that incorporate the peptide linker Ala-Leu-Ala-Leu that serves as a substrate for the tumor-associated protease, cathepsin B, which is overexpressed in several solid tumors. Consequently, two albumin-binding prodrugs were synthesized [EMC-Arg-Arg-Ala-Leu-Ala-Leu-Ala-CPT (1) and EMC-Arg-Arg-Ala-Leu-Ala-Leu-DOXO (2) (EMC = 6-maleimidocaproic acid)]. Both prodrugs exhibited excellent water-solubility and bound rapidly and selectively to the cysteine-34 position of endogenous albumin. Further in vitro studies showed that the albumin-bound form of the prodrugs was cleaved specifically by cathepsin B as well as in human tumor homogenates. Major cleavage products were CPT-peptide derivatives and CPT for the CPT prodrug and H-Leu-Ala-Leu-DOXO, H-Leu-DOXO, and DOXO for the doxorubicin prodrug. In vivo, 1 was superior to free camptothecin in an HT-29 human colon xenograft model; the antitumor efficacy of prodrug 2 was comparable to that of free doxorubicin in the M-3366 mamma carcinoma xenograft model at equimolar doses.
Keywords:Antineoplastic Agents, Breast Neoplasms, Camptothecin, Cathepsin B, Doxorubicin, Inbred Strains Mice, Oligopeptides, Prodrugs, Serum Albumin, Xenograft Model Antitumor Assays, Animals, Mice
Source:Bioconjugate Chemistry
ISSN:1043-1802
Publisher:American Chemical Society (U.S.A.)
Volume:18
Number:3
Page Range:702-716
Date:May 2007
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1021/bc0602735
PubMed:View item in PubMed

Repository Staff Only: item control page

Open Access
MDC Library