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Suspension packaging cell lines for the simplified generation of T-cell receptor encoding retrovirus vector particles

Item Type:Article
Title:Suspension packaging cell lines for the simplified generation of T-cell receptor encoding retrovirus vector particles
Creators Name:Reuss, S. and Biese, P. and Cosset, F.L. and Takeuchi, Y. and Uckert, W.
Abstract:The transfer of T-cell receptor (TCR) genes into primary human T-cells to endow their specificity toward virus-infected and tumor cells is becoming an interesting tool for immunotherapy. TCR-modified T cells are mainly generated by retrovirus-mediated gene transfer. To produce TCR-retrovirus particles, fibroblast packaging cell lines are the most common tool. We constructed two packaging cell lines based on the human suspension T-cell lymphoma line Deltabeta-Jurkat, which lacks endogenous TCRbeta-chains and is therefore unable to express CD3 complexes on the cell surface. After supply of gag-pol (murine leukemia virus (Mo-MLV)) and env (GALV or MLV-10A1) genes, a green fluorescent protein (GFP)-encoding retrovirus vector was transduced into both packaging cell clones, which then stably produced GFP-retroviruses with titers of up to 4 x 10(5) infectious particles (IP)/ml. After transfer of a TCRalpha/beta-encoding retrovirus vector, Deltabeta-Jurkat/GALV and Deltabeta-Jurkat/10A1 cells expressed CD3 molecules on the cell surface. CD3-high expressing packaging cells were enriched by fluorescence-activated cell sorter sorting. In these cells, the CD3 expression level directly correlated with the titer of vector particles. TCR-retroviruses efficiently transduced human T-cell lines and primary T cells. In conclusion, the method allowed the fast and easy generation of high virus titer supernatants for TCR gene transfer.
Keywords:T-Cell Therapy, TCR Gene Transfer, Retroviral Vector, Packaging Cell Line, Cell Surface Marker, CD3 Complex
Source:Gene Therapy
ISSN:0969-7128
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group (U.K.)
Volume:14
Number:7
Page Range:595-603
Date:April 2007
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.gt.3302906
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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