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Uptake, biodistribution, and time course of naked plasmid DNA trafficking after intratumoral in vivo jet injection

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Item Type:Article
Title:Uptake, biodistribution, and time course of naked plasmid DNA trafficking after intratumoral in vivo jet injection
Creators Name:Walther, W. and Minow, T. and Martin, R. and Fichtner, I. and Schlag, P.M. and Stein, U.
Abstract:Nonviral jet injection is an applicable technology for in vivo gene transfer of naked DNA. However, little is known about the biodistribution and clearance of jet-injected DNA, or about its localization within tissue and cells. Therefore, in this study we analyzed the intratumoral and systemic biodistribution of jet-injected naked DNA in human colon carcinoma-bearing NCr-nu/nu mice, which were jet-injected with the pCMVbeta plasmid DNA. Intratumoral and systemic plasmid DNA biodistribution was analyzed 5, 10, 20, and 40 min and 3, 6, 24, 48, and 72 hr after jet injection, using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. In the tumors, a rapid drop in naked DNA load within 24 hr of jet injection was shown. Detailed analysis of intratumoral distribution of rhodamine-labeled DNA revealed the presence of plasmid DNA within tumor cells 5 min after jet injection and further accumulation of significant DNA amounts in the cell nuclei 30 to 60 min after jet injection. In the blood, DNA amounts rapidly dropped within 10 to 40 min of jet injection to less than 0.001 pg of plasmid per 250 ng of tissue DNA and only minimal plasmid DNA dissemination was detected in liver, lung, spleen, kidney, and ovaries, which was cleared 3 to 6 hr after jet injection. By contrast, in heart, bone marrow, and brain almost no plasmid DNA was detectable.
Keywords:Biological Transport, Carcinoma, Colonic Neoplasms, DNA, Gene Expression, Gene Therapy, Reporter Reporter, Genetic Vectors, Jet Injections, Lac Operon, Nude Mice, Plasmids, Rhodamines, Tissue Distribution, Xenograft Model Antitumor Assays, Animals, Mice
Source:Human Gene Therapy
ISSN:1043-0342
Publisher:Mary Ann Liebert (U.S.A.)
Volume:17
Number:6
Page Range:611-624
Date:15 June 2006
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1089/hum.2006.17.611
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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