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Relation between circulating AT1 receptor agonistic autoantibodies and soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase 1 in the pathogenesis of preeclampsia

Item Type:Article
Title:Relation between circulating AT1 receptor agonistic autoantibodies and soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase 1 in the pathogenesis of preeclampsia
Creators Name:Stepan, H. and Faber, R. and Wessel, N. and Wallukat, G. and Schultheiss, H.P. and Walther, T.
Abstract:CONTEXT: Placental and circulatory soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase 1 (sFlt1) has proven to be elevated in pregnant women with preeclampsia, a disease characterized by hypertension, proteinuria, and endothelial dysfunction. Recent studies also demonstrated an autoantibody against the angiotensin II type 1 (AT1) receptor (AT1-AA) in that disease. OBJECTIVE: Both factors are discussed as key players in the etiology of preeclampsia. However, it has not yet been clarified whether these two circulating factors correlate and whether synergy determines the severity of pathology. DESIGN: AT1-AA was retrospectively determined by a bioassay and sFlt1 by an ELISA. PATIENTS: Serum from second-trimester pregnancies with normal or abnormal uterine perfusion and in women at term with or without pregnancy pathology was analyzed. RESULTS: Most of the preeclamptic patients were characterized by high sFlt1 levels and the presence of AT1-AA, although the agonistic effects of the antibody did not correlate with the sFlt1 concentrations (P = 0.85). Although AT1-AA was also detected in second-trimester pregnancies evidencing abnormal uterine perfusion without later pathology, sFlt1 was not significantly elevated in these pregnancies, compared with those with normal uterine perfusion. However, whereas women with abnormal perfusion and later pregnancy pathology did not differ in AT1-AA, compared with those with normal outcome, sFlt1 was significantly increased. Again, the two factors did not correlate (P = 0.15). CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that AT1-AA bioactivity and sFlt1 concentrations do not correlate, are not mutually dependent, and are thus probably involved in distinct pathogenetic mechanisms. Both factors in combination may not be causative for the early impaired trophoblast invasion and pathological uterine perfusion.
Keywords:Angiotensin Type 1 Receptor, Autoantibodies, Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay, Pre-Eclampsia, Pregnancy, Retrospective Studies, Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor-1
Source:Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
ISSN:0021-972X
Publisher:Endocrine Society (U.S.A.)
Volume:91
Number:6
Page Range:2424-2427
Date:June 2006
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1210/jc.2005-2698
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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