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Megalin-mediated reuptake of retinol in the kidneys of mice is essential for vitamin a homeostasis

Item Type:Article
Title:Megalin-mediated reuptake of retinol in the kidneys of mice is essential for vitamin a homeostasis
Creators Name:Raila, J. and Willnow, T.E. and Schweigert, F.J.
Abstract:The reuptake of retinol (ROH) and retinol-binding protein (RBP) in the kidneys is mediated by the endocytic receptor megalin, suggesting an important role for this receptor in vitamin A (VA) metabolism. We examined the extent to which megalin deficiency may affect urinary ROH excretion, levels of ROH and RBP in plasma, as well as storage of VA in liver and kidney. For this purpose, mice with a kidney-specific megalin gene defect (megalinlox/lox; apoECre) and control mice (megalinlox/lox) were fed either a basal diet containing 4500 retinol equivalents (RE)/kg diet or a diet without VA during experimental periods of 42 and 84 d. Urinary ROH excretion was observed only in megalinlox/lox; apoECre mice (P < 0.0001, 2-way ANOVA) and not in the controls. Plasma ROH and RBP differed only by diet (P < 0.05), but not genotype (P = 0.615). A major effect of megalin deficiency, however, was evident in retinyl ester levels in the liver (P < 0.05), which were ∼37% lower than those in megalinlox/lox controls (P < 0.05, Student's t test) during the 84-d period of dietary VA deprivation. Kidney levels of VA were not affected by the receptor gene defect. The findings demonstrate that urinary ROH excretion caused by megalin deficiency requires accelerated mobilization of hepatic VA stores to maintain normal plasma ROH levels, which suggests that megalin plays an essential role in systemic VA homeostasis.
Keywords:Megalin, Vitamin A Homeostasis, Animals, Mice
Source:Journal of Nutrition
ISSN:0022-3166
Publisher:American Society for Nutrition
Volume:135
Number:11
Page Range:2512-2516
Date:1 November 2005
Official Publication:http://jn.nutrition.org/cgi/content/abstract/135/11/2512
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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