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Coxsackievirus-adenovirus receptor (CAR) is essential for early embryonic cardiac development

Item Type:Article
Title:Coxsackievirus-adenovirus receptor (CAR) is essential for early embryonic cardiac development
Creators Name:Dorner, A.A. and Wegmann, F. and Butz, S. and Wolburg-Buchholz, K. and Wolburg, H. and Mack, A. and Nasdala, I. and August, B. and Westermann, J. and Rathjen, F.G. and Vestweber, D.
Abstract:The coxsackievirus-adenovirus receptor (CAR) is a cell contact protein on various cell types with unknown physiological function. It belongs to a subfamily of the immunoglobulin-superfamily of which some members are junctional adhesion molecules on epithelial and/or endothelial cells. CAR is dominantly expressed in the hearts and brains of mice until the newborne phase after which it becomes mainly restricted to various epithelial cells. To understand more about the physiological function of CAR, we have generated CAR-deficient mice by gene targeting. We found that these mice die between E11.5 and E13.5 of embryonal development. Ultrastructural analysis of cardiomyocytes revealed that the density of myofibrils was reduced and that their orientation and bundling was disorganized. In addition, mitochondria were enlarged and glycogen storage strongly enriched. In line with these defects, we observed pericardial edema formation as a clear sign of insufficient heart function. Developmental abnormalities likely to be secondary effects of gene ablation were the persistent singular cardial atrio-ventricular canal and dilatations of larger blood vessels such as the cardinal veins. The secondary nature of these defects was supported by the fact that CAR was not expressed on vascular cells or on cells of the vascular wall. No obvious signs for alterations of the histological organization of the placenta were observed. We conclude that CAR is required for embryonal heart development, most likely due to its function during the organization of myofibrils in cardiomyocytes.
Keywords:Cardiomyocytes, Cell Adhesion, Heart Development, Junctional Adhesion Molecules, Junctions, Animals, Mice
Source:Journal of Cell Science
Publisher:Company of Biologists
Page Range:3509-3521
Date:1 August 2005
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1242/jcs.02476
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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