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Adipose tissue metabolism and CD11b expression on monocytes in obese hypertensives

Item Type:Article
Title:Adipose tissue metabolism and CD11b expression on monocytes in obese hypertensives
Creators Name:Boschmann, M. and Engeli, S. and Adams, F. and Gorzelniak, K. and Franke, G. and Klaua, S. and Kreuzberg, U. and Luedtke, S. and Kettritz, R. and Sharma, A.M. and Luft, F.C. and Jordan, J.
Abstract:At a given degree of adiposity, metabolic and cardiovascular risk varies markedly between individuals. Animal studies suggest that differentially expressed systemic activation of monocytes contributes to the obesity-associated risk variability. We tested the hypothesis that systemic monocyte activation is associated with changes in adipose tissue and skeletal muscle metabolism. In 17 obese hypertensive patients, we assessed CD11b expression on circulating monocytes, gene expression in adipose tissue biopsies, and obtained blood samples and adipose tissue and skeletal muscle microdialysis samples in the fasted state and during a glucose load. Patients were stratified into groups with higher and lower CD11b expression on monocytes. Expression of the macrophage marker CD68 was increased markedly in adipose tissue of subjects with higher CD11b expression. Although no differences in systemic insulin sensitivity were found between both groups, patients with higher peripheral CD11b expression showed a markedly augmented increase in dialysate glucose in adipose tissue during oral glucose tolerance testing and increased adipose tissue lipolysis as well. Our data demonstrate that human monocyte activation is associated with tissue-specific changes in glucose and lipid metabolism. These findings may be explained in part by monocyte/macrophage infiltration of adipose tissue, which appears to interfere with insulin responsiveness.
Keywords:Adipose tissue, Macrophages, Gene expression
Source:Hypertension
ISSN:0194-911X
Publisher:American Heart Association (U.S.A.)
Volume:46
Page Range:130-136
Date:1 July 2005
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1161/01.HYP.0000171477.63859.b2
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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