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Diagnostic performance of cardiovascular magnetic resonance in patients with suspected acute myocarditis: comparison of different approaches

Item Type:Article
Title:Diagnostic performance of cardiovascular magnetic resonance in patients with suspected acute myocarditis: comparison of different approaches
Creators Name:Abdel-Aty, H. and Boye, P. and Zagrosek, A. and Wassmuth, R. and Kumar, A. and Messroghli, D. and Bock, P. and Dietz, R. and Friedrich, M.G. and Schulz-Menger, J.
Abstract:OBJECTIVES: The aim of this research was to identify the diagnostic performance of gadolinium-enhanced and T2-weighted cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) in suspected acute myocarditis. BACKGROUND: Acute myocarditis is difficult to diagnose; CMR provides various means to visualize myocardial inflammatory changes. A CMR approach with clear-cut diagnostic criteria would be desirable. METHODS: We investigated 25 patients with suspected acute myocarditis (18 males, 44 +/- 17 years) and 23 healthy controls (13 males, 29 +/- 10 years). Cardiovascular magnetic resonance studies included the following sequences: 1) T2-weighted triple inversion recovery; 2) T1-weighted spin echo before and over 4 min after gadolinium injection; and 3) inversion recovery-gradient echo 10 min after gadolinium injection. Qualitative and quantitative image analysis was performed for: 1) focal and global T2 signal intensity (SI); 2) myocardial global relative enhancement (gRE); and 3) areas of late gadolinium enhancement (LGE). RESULTS: Both global T2 SI and gRE were higher in patients than in controls (T2: 2.3 +/- 0.4 vs. 1.7 +/- 0.4; p < 0.0001, gRE: 6.8 +/- 4.0 vs. 3.7 +/- 2.3; p < 0.001). The sensitivity, specificity, and diagnostic accuracy for T2 (cutoff value of 1.9) were 84%, 74%, and 79%, respectively; gRE: (cutoff value of 4.0) 80%, 68%, and 74.5% respectively; LGE: 44%, 100%, and 71%, respectively. The best diagnostic performance was obtained when "any-two" of the three sequences were positive in the same patient yielding a 76% sensitivity, 95.5% specificity, and 85% diagnostic accuracy. CONCLUSIONS: A combined CMR approach using T2-weighted imaging, early and late gadolinium enhancement, provides a high diagnostic accuracy and is a useful tool in the diagnosis and assessment of patients with suspected acute myocarditis.
Keywords:Acute Disease, Computer-Assisted Image Processing, Gadolinium, Image Enhancement, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Myocarditis, ROC Curve, Sensitivity and Specificity
Source:Journal of the American College of Cardiology
Publisher:Elsevier (The Netherlands)
Page Range:1815-1822
Date:1 January 2005
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jacc.2004.11.069
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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