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Time-domain scanning optical mammography: I. Recording and assessment of mammograms of 154 patients

Item Type:Article
Title:Time-domain scanning optical mammography: I. Recording and assessment of mammograms of 154 patients
Creators Name:Grosenick, D. and Moesta, K.T. and Moeller, M. and Mucke, J. and Wabnitz, H. and Gebauer, B. and Stroszczynski, C. and Wassermann, B. and Schlag, P.M. and Rinneberg, H.
Abstract:Using a triple wavelength (670 nm, 785 nm, 843/884 nm) scanning laser-pulse mammograph we recorded craniocaudal and mediolateral projection optical mammograms of 154 patients, suspected of having breast cancer. From distributions of times of flight of photons recorded at typically 1000-2000 scan positions, optical mammograms were derived displaying (inverse) photon counts in selected time windows, absorption and reduced scattering coefficients or total haemoglobin concentration and blood oxygen saturation. Optical mammograms were analysed by comparing them with x-ray and MR mammograms, including results of histopathology, attributing a subjective visibility score to each tumour assessed. Out of 102 histologically confirmed tumours, 72 tumours were detected retrospectively in both optical projection mammograms, in addition 20 cases in one projection only, whereas 10 tumours were not detectable in any projection. Tumour contrast and contrast-to-noise ratios of mammograms of the same breast, but derived from measured DTOFs by various methods were quantitatively compared. On average, inverse photon counts in selected time windows, including total photon counts, provide highest tumour contrast and contrast-to-noise ratios. Based on the results of the present study we developed a multi-wavelength, multi-projection scanning time-domain optical mammograph with improved spectral and spatial (angular) sampling, that allows us to record entire mammograms simultaneously at various offsets between the transmitting fibre and receiving fibre bundle and provides first results for illustration.
Keywords:Breast Neoplasms, Clinical Trials as Topic, Computer-Assisted Image Interpretation, Lasers, Optical Tomography, Retrospective Studies
Source:Physics in Medicine and Biology
Page Range:2429-2449
Date:1 January 2005
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1088/0031-9155/50/11/001
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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