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Time-domain scanning optical mammography: II. Optical properties and tissue parameters of 87 carcinomas

Item Type:Article
Title:Time-domain scanning optical mammography: II. Optical properties and tissue parameters of 87 carcinomas
Creators Name:Grosenick, D. and Wabnitz, H. and Moesta, K.T. and Mucke, J. and Schlag, P.M. and Rinneberg, H.
Abstract:Within a clinical trial on scanning time-domain optical mammography reported on in a companion publication (part I), craniocaudal and mediolateral projection optical mammograms were recorded from 154 patients, suspected of having breast cancer. Here we report on in vivo optical properties of the subset of 87 histologically validated carcinomas which were visible in optical mammograms recorded at two or three near-infrared wavelengths. Tumour absorption and reduced scattering coefficients were derived from distributions of times of flight of photons recorded at the tumour site employing the model of diffraction of photon density waves by a spherical inhomogeneity, located in an otherwise homogeneous tissue slab. Effective tumour radii, taken from pathology, and tumour location along the compression direction, deduced from off-axis optical scans of the tumour region, were included in the analysis as prior knowledge, if available. On average, tumour absorption coefficients exceeded those of surrounding healthy breast tissue by a factor of about 2.5 (670 nm), whereas tumour reduced scattering coefficients were larger by about 20% (670 nm). From absorption coefficients at 670 nm and 785 nm total haemoglobin concentration and blood oxygen saturation were deduced for tumours and surrounding healthy breast tissue. Apart from a few outliers total haemoglobin concentration was observed to be systematically larger in tumours compared to healthy breast tissue. In contrast, blood oxygen saturation was found to be a poor discriminator for tumours and healthy breast tissue; both median values of blood oxygen saturation are the same within their statistical uncertainties. However, the ratio of total haemoglobin concentration over blood oxygen saturation further improves discrimination between tumours and healthy breast tissue. For 29 tumours detected in optical mammograms recorded at three wavelengths (670 nm, 785 nm, 843 nm or 884 nm), scatter power was derived from transport scattering coefficients. Scatter power of tumours tends to be larger than that of surrounding healthy breast tissue, yet the 95% confidence intervals of both medians overlap.
Keywords:Anatomic Models, Breast Neoplasms, Clinical Trials as Topic, Computer-Assisted Image Processing, Mammography, Optical Tomography, Retrospective Studies
Source:Physics in Medicine and Biology
Page Range:2451-2468
Date:1 January 2005
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1088/0031-9155/50/11/002
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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