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BCA-1/CXCL13 expression is associated with CXCR5-positive B-cell cluster formation in acute renal transplant rejection

Item Type:Article
Title:BCA-1/CXCL13 expression is associated with CXCR5-positive B-cell cluster formation in acute renal transplant rejection
Creators Name:Steinmetz, O.M. and Panzer, U. and Kneissler, U. and Harendza, S. and Lipp, M. and Helmchen, U. and Stahl, R.A.K.
Abstract:BACKGROUND: Recent studies showed a crucial role for B cells in acute renal allograft rejection. It remains largely unknown, however, which mechanisms lead to the B-cell recruitment into the allograft. The chemokine CXCL13 and its corresponding receptor CXCR5 play a central role in B-cell trafficking to secondary lymphatic tissue and ectopic B-cell clusters in rheumatoid arthritis. We therefore investigated the potential role of CXCL13 and CXCR5 in formation of B-cell clusters in renal transplant rejection. METHODS: Serial immunohistochemical staining for CXCL13, CXCR5, and CD20 was carried out in protocol biopsies of 23 patients obtained between day 4 and day 9 after renal transplantation. Intragraft mRNA expression of CXCL13 was assessed by real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis. RESULTS: Of 23 kidney biopsies obtained between days 4 and 9 after renal transplantation, 13 revealed an acute rejection. Four of these patients showed a substantial infiltration of the transplant with cluster-forming B cells. By immunohistochemistry CXCL13 and the corresponding receptor CXCR5 were exclusively detected in areas of B-cell clusters. Intrarenal CXCL13 mRNA expression was 27-fold higher in transplants with B-cell clusters compared to rejecting allografts without B-cell accumulation (P= 0.011). CONCLUSION: We describe a striking colocalization of CXCL13 expression with CXCR5- and CD20-positive B cells in renal transplants undergoing rejection. This is the first study demonstrating a potential role of CXCL13 and its specific receptor CXCR5 in recruitment of B cells in renal allograft rejection.
Keywords:Chemokine receptor, SLC, CCL21, Kidney transplantation, Inflammation, Lymphoid chemokine
Source:Kidney International
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
Page Range:1616-1621
Date:1 January 2005
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1523-1755.2005.00244.x
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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