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Lectin-like oxidized low-density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor (LOX-1)-mediated pathway and vascular oxidative injury in older-age rat renal transplants

Item Type:Article
Title:Lectin-like oxidized low-density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor (LOX-1)-mediated pathway and vascular oxidative injury in older-age rat renal transplants
Creators Name:Braesen, J.H. and Nieminen-Kelhae, M. and Markmann, D. and Malle, E. and Schneider, W. and Neumayer, H.H. and Budde, K. and Luft, F.C. and Dragun, D.
Abstract:BACKGROUND: Older-age renal allografts are associated with inferior survival; however, the mechanisms are unclear. Reactive oxygen species participate in aging and in chronic vascular disease. We investigated how mediators of oxidative stress may increase allograft susceptibility to vascular injury. METHODS: We employed the low-responder allogeneic F344-to-Lew rat renal transplantation model. We used nonimmunosuppressed young (donors and recipients aged 12 weeks), old (donors and recipients aged 52 weeks), and old-to-young animal (donors aged 52 weeks and recipients aged 12 weeks) combinations. Grafts were transplanted after 2 hours cold preservation in University of Wisconsin solution and harvested 1, 2, 7 and 10 days later. Additionally, old animals receiving continuous 1.5 mg/kg cyclosporine (CyA) immunosuppression were included. Renal allograft pathology was scored according to Banff criteria. We studied intragraft vascular adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1), lectin-like oxidized low-density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor-1 (LOX-1), and hypochlorite-modified LDL expression as well as ED-1+ monocytes/macrophages and CD8+ lymphocyte infiltration. Intragraft in situ superoxide anion radical production was determined with dihydroethidium assay on cryosections. RESULTS: During the first 2 posttransplant days, old transplants demonstrated higher functional impairment and increased oxidative stress, while young transplant had higher ED-1+ monocytes/macrophage infiltration and VCAM-1 expression. The degree of VCAM-1 expression and ED-1+ monocytes/macrophage and CD8+ lymphocyte infiltration correlated at later time points directly with the transplant age. VCAM-1 and LOX-1 staining were localized predominantly on the endothelium of arterial vessels, shifting the distribution to vascular smooth muscle layer strongly dependent on donor age and the grade of vascular injury. LOX-1 staining colocalized with hypochlorite-modified epitopes in the media of injured arteries. We measured increased in situ superoxide anion radical production in corresponding areas. Immunosuppression with CyA had no protective effect on vascular injury and LOX-1 expression. CONCLUSION: Induction of LOX-1-related oxidation pathways and increased susceptibility to oxidative stress could play an important role in promoting vascular injury in old renal transplants independent of the recipient age.
Keywords:VCAM-1, Vascular rejection, Endothelium, Myeloperoxidase-hydrogen peroxide-chloride system, Oxidative stress, Animals, Rats
Source:Kidney International
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
Page Range:1583-1594
Date:1 January 2005
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1523-1755.2005.00240.x
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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