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The ion channel ASIC1 contributes to visceral but not cutaneous mechanoreceptor function

Official URL:https://doi.org/10.1053/j.gastro.2004.08.061
PubMed:View item in PubMed
Creators Name:Page, A.J. and Brierley, S.M. and Martin, C.M. and Martinez-Salgado, C. and Wemmie, J.A. and Brennan, T.J. and Symonds, E. and Omari, T. and Lewin, G.R. and Welsh, M.J. and Blackshaw, L.A.
Journal Title:Gastroenterology
Journal Abbreviation:Gastroenterology
Volume:127
Number:6
Page Range:1739-1747
Date:1 January 2004
Keywords:Breath Tests, Carbon Dioxide, Digestive Physiology, Feeding Behavior, Gastric Emptying, Gene Expression Regulation, Mechanoreceptors, Membrane Proteins, Nerve Tissue Proteins, Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction, Sodium Channels, Animals, Mice
Abstract:Background & Aims: Visceral mechanoreceptors are critical for perceived sensations and autonomic reflex control of gastrointestinal function. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying visceral mechanosensation remain poorly defined. Degenerin/epithelial Na + channel (DEG/ENaC) family ion channels are candidate mechanosensory molecules, and we hypothesized that they influence visceral mechanosensation. We examined the influence of the DEG/ENaC channel ASIC1 on gastrointestinal mechanosensory function, on gastric emptying, and on fecal output. We also compared its role in gastrointestinal and somatic sensory function. Methods: To assess the role of ASIC1 we studied wild-type and ASIC1-/- mice. Reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and Western blot analysis determined expression of ASIC1 messenger RNA and protein in vagal and spinal sensory ganglia. Colonic, gastroesophageal, and cutaneous afferent fibers were characterized by functional subtype and their mechanical stimulus-response relationships were determined. Gastric emptying was determined by using a 13CO 2 breath test. Behavioral tests assessed somatic mechanical and thermal sensitivity. Results: ASIC1 was expressed in sensory ganglia and was lost after disruption of the ASIC1 gene. Loss of ASIC1 increased mechanosensitivity in all colonic and gastroesophageal mechanoreceptor subtypes. In addition, ASIC1-/- mice showed almost double the gastric emptying time of wild-type mice. In contrast, loss of ASIC1 did not affect function in any of the 5 types of cutaneous mechanoreceptors, nor did it affect paw withdrawal responses or fecal output. Conclusions: ASIC1 influences visceral but not cutaneous mechanoreceptor function, suggesting that different mechanisms underlie mechanosensory function in gut and skin. The role of ASIC1 is highlighted by prolonging gastric emptying of a meal in ASIC1-/- animals.
ISSN:0016-5085
Publisher:Saunders (U.S.A.)
Item Type:Article

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