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A spontaneous mutation in the desmoglein 4 gene underlies hypotrichosis in a new lanceolate hair rat model

Item Type:Article
Title:A spontaneous mutation in the desmoglein 4 gene underlies hypotrichosis in a new lanceolate hair rat model
Creators Name:Meyer, B. and Bazzi, H. and Zidek, V. and Musilova, A. and Pravenec, M. and Kurtz, T.W. and Nuernberg, P. and Christiano, A.M.
Abstract:A recessive hairless mutation arose spontaneously in a congenic line of spontaneously hypertensive rats SHR.BN-(D1mit3-Igf2)/Ipcv. The mutant rats develop generalized alopecia except for partial hair growth on their heads. Affected animals of the congenic line were crossed with LEW rats and randomly bred for several generations. A genome scan in 74 affected and 75 unaffected offspring localized the mutant gene on rat chromosome 18pl2, near the marker D18Rat107, which is closely linked to the desmosomal cadherin gene cluster, syntenic to mouse chromosome 18 and human chromosome 18q12. Recently, the mouse and rat phenotypes lah/lah (lanceolate hair) and lah J/lah J(lanceolate hair-J) were found to be caused by mutations in the desmoglein 4 (Dsg4) gene. Direct sequencing of the Dsg4 gene in the SHR revealed a homozygous C-to-T transition generating a premature termination codon within exon 8 in the affected animals. Further studies on the skin histology in affected rats demonstrated features consistent with a lanceolate hair mutation, providing further support for the crucial role of desmoglein 4 in hair shaft differentiation.
Keywords:Cadherin, Desmoglein 4, Desmosome, Hair Follicle, Hypotrichosis
Source:Differentiation
ISSN:0301-4681
Publisher:Blackwell Publishing (U.K.)
Volume:72
Number:9-10
Page Range:541-547
Date:1 December 2004
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1432-0436.2004.07209007.x
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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