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Use of the nuclease inhibitor aurintricarboxylic acid (ATA) for improved non-viral intratumoral in vivo gene transfer by jet-injection

Item Type:Article
Title:Use of the nuclease inhibitor aurintricarboxylic acid (ATA) for improved non-viral intratumoral in vivo gene transfer by jet-injection
Creators Name:Walther, W. and Stein, U. and Siegel, R. and Fichtner, I. and Schlag, P.M.
Abstract:Background: Stability, integrity and retention of the DNA within the targeted tissue is decisive for efficient gene transfer using naked DNA. Pre-clinical and clinical studies require reproducible transfection rates by preventing rapid degradation of naked DNA in the transduced tissue. Tumor tissues contain nuclease activity, which can affect DNA stability if naked DNA is used. Therefore, inhibition of nuclease-mediated DNA degradation by the nuclease inhibitor aurintricarboxylic acid (ATA) might lead to improved gene transfer efficiency in tumor tissues. Methods: For both, DNA-degradation analysis and in vivo gene transfer experiments, the β-galactosidase (LacZ)-expressing pCMVβ and the cytosine deaminase (CD)-expressing pCMV-CD plasmid were used. Influence of the nuclease inhibitor ATA was determined in tumors, in which naked pCMVβ or pCMV-CD DNA and ATA was co-administered by jet-injection. The nuclease activity and inhibition by ATA was analyzed using the DNase Alert detection system. The influence of ATA on LacZ expression was determined by specific ELISA and its effect on the therapeutic efficacy of CD gene transfer on tumor growth was determined in vivo. Results: The screening of different human mammary and colon carcinoma models revealed strong nuclease activity rapidly degrading naked plasmid DNA. Co-administration of ATA with pCMVβ or pCMV-CD for in vivo jet-injection of tumors prevented DNA from nuclease degradation associated with either increased LacZ gene expression or improved reduction in tumor growth. Conclusions: Tumor-associated nuclease activity is a notable hurdle in gene transfer of naked DNA and therefore inhibition of nucleolytic degradation of plasmid DNA facilitates intratumoral gene expression.
Keywords:Gene Therapy, Jet-Injection, Naked DNA, Non-Viral Gene Transfer, Nuclease Inhibitor, Animals, Mice
Source:Journal of Gene Medicine
Publisher:John Wiley & Sons
Page Range:477-485
Date:1 January 2005
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1002/jgm.690
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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