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Loss of chondroitin 6-O-sulfotransferase-1 function results in severe human chondrodysplasia with progressive spinal involvement

Item Type:Article
Title:Loss of chondroitin 6-O-sulfotransferase-1 function results in severe human chondrodysplasia with progressive spinal involvement
Creators Name:Thiele, H. and Sakano, M. and Kitagawa, H. and Sugahara, K. and Rajab, A. and Hoehne, W. and Ritter, H. and Leschik, G. and Nuernberg, P. and Mundlos, S.
Abstract:We studied two large consanguineous families from Oman with a distinct form of spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia (SED Omani type). By using a genome-wide linkage approach, we were able to map the underlying gene to a 4.5-centimorgan interval on chromosome 10q23. We sequenced candidate genes from the region and identified a missense mutation in the chondroitin 6-O-sulfotransferase (C6ST-1) gene (CHST3) changing an arginine into a glutamine (R304Q) in the well conserved 3′-phosphoadenosine 5′-phosphosulfate binding site. C6ST-1 catalyzes the modifying step of chondroitin sulfate (CS) synthesis by transferring sulfate to the C-6 position of the N-acetylgalactosamine of chondroitin. From the crystal structures of other sulfotransferases, it could be inferred that Arg-304 is essential for the structure of the cosubstrate binding site. We used recombinant C6ST-1 to show that the identified missense mutation completely abolishes C6ST-1 activity. Disaccharide composition analysis of CS chains by anion-exchange HPLC shows that both ΔHexA-GalNAc(6S) and ΔHexA(2S)-GalNAc(6S) were significantly reduced in the patient's cells and that ΔHexA-GalNAc(4S,6S), undetectable in controls, was elevated. Analysis of the patient's urine shows marked undersulfation of CS, in particular reduction in 6-O-sulfated disaccharide and an increase in the nonsulfated unit. Our results indicate that the mutation in CHST3 described here causes a specific but generalized defect of CS chain sulfation resulting in chondrodysplasia with major involvement of the spine.
Keywords:Binding Sites, Biological Models, Fibroblasts, Osteochondrodysplasias, Spinal Diseases, Sulfotransferases
Source:Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
ISSN:0027-8424
Publisher:National Academy of Sciences (U.S.A.)
Volume:101
Number:27
Page Range:10155-10160
Date:23 June 2004
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0400334101
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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