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Oxaliplatin and 5-fluorouracil for heavily pretreated metastatic breast cancer: a preliminary phase II study

Item Type:Article
Title:Oxaliplatin and 5-fluorouracil for heavily pretreated metastatic breast cancer: a preliminary phase II study
Creators Name:Thuss-Patience, P.C. and von Minckwitz, G. and Kretzschmar, A. and Loibl, S. and Schaller, G. and Doerken, B. and Reichardt, P.
Abstract:Oxaliplatin shows in vitro and in vivo synergism with 5-fluorouracil (5-FU). In this study we evaluate the clinical efficacy of oxaliplatin and 5-FU in heavily pretreated metastatic breast cancer. Eligible patients had to be pretreated with both anthracyclines and taxanes. Pretreatment with capecitabine was recommended but not mandatory. Chemotherapy: oxaliplatin 85 mg/m2/2 h day 1, folinic acid 400 mg/m2/2 h day 1, 5-FU 400 mg/m2 i.v. push day 1, 5-FU 2400 mg/m2 continuous infusion/48 h day 1, q2w. Fourteen patients were included: one male and 13 females; age: median 53 years (38–62); ECOG 0: three patients, 1: nine patients, 2: two patients; all patients were pretreated with anthracyclines and taxanes, capecitabine: nine patients, vinorelbine: six patients, trastuzumab: four patients, hormonal therapy: 12 patients; lines of prior palliative chemotherapy: 0: one patient, 1: three patients, 2: one patient, 3: three patients, 4: four patients, 5: two patients. Results: median number of cycles: 8 (range 1–17). Toxicity (14 patients evaluable; no. of patients with Common Toxicity Criteria grade 3/4): asthenia: 2/–, paraesthesia 3/–, leuko/neutropenia: 1/2, no neutropenic fever, other (alopecia, skin): 2/–. Response (12 patients evaluable, all with bidimensionally measurable disease): complete remission: no patients, partial remission: four patients (33%, all confirmed), stable disease: five patients, progressive disease: three patients. We conclude that despite the small number of patients, the combination of 5-FU and oxaliplatin shows promising efficacy in this heavily pretreated population.
Keywords:5-Fluorouracil, Breast Cancer, Metastasis, Oxaliplatin, Pretreatment
Source:Anti-Cancer Drugs
ISSN:0959-4973
Publisher:Lippincott Williams & Wilkins (U.S.A.)
Volume:14
Number:7
Page Range:549-553
Date:1 August 2003
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1097/00001813-200308000-00007
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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