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Conformational changes in the rod domain of human keratin 8 following heterotypic association with keratin 18 and its implication for filament stability

Item Type:Article
Title:Conformational changes in the rod domain of human keratin 8 following heterotypic association with keratin 18 and its implication for filament stability
Creators Name:Waseem, A. and Karsten, U. and Leigh, I.M. and Purkis, P. and Waseem, N.H. and Lane, E.B.
Abstract:Keratin intermediate filaments are heteropolymers of type I and type II polypeptides that constitute the bulk of the epithelial cytoskeleton. We microinjected seven keratin monoclonal antibodies into human epithelial cells, and two of them, only A45-B/B3 and LP3K, caused the formation of keratin aggregates. The keratin filaments in human epithelial cells were also disrupted by a monovalent A45-B/B3 Fab fragment, suggesting that the binding of the antibody, rather than cross-linking, collapses the filaments. Immunoblotting and ELISA experiments suggested that the antibody reacted weakly with recombinant K8 but did not react with recombinant K18 at all. However, the antibody reactivity increased substantially when a mixture of the two keratin polypeptides, either recombinant or derived from MCF-7, was used. The epitopes of 15 monoclonal antibodies recognizing human K8 were characterized by their reactivity with recombinant fragments of K8. Reactivity of antibody A45-B/B3 with fragments of K8 in the presence of K18 revealed that the antibody recognizes an epitope in the rod domain of K8, between residues 313 and 332, on the amino-terminal side of the stutter in helix 2B, which is involved in heterotypic association. The data suggest that this region of K8 undergoes a conformational change following interaction with the complementary K18 either to expose the epitope or to increase its affinity for the antibody. Taken together, the data highlight the role of this epitope in heterotypic association and in filament stabilization.
Keywords:Amino Acid Sequence, Antibody Binding Sites, Cell Line, Epitopes, Hela Cells, Immunoglobulin Fab Fragments, Intermediate Filaments, Keratin-8, Keratins, Microinjections, Molecular Sequence Data, Monoclonal Antibodies, Peptide Fragments, Protein Conformation, Protein Isoforms, Recombinant Proteins, Sequence Deletion, Tertiary Protein Structure, Time Factors, Tumor Cell Line, Animals, Rats
Publisher:American Chemical Society
Page Range:1283-1295
Date:1 January 2004
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1021/bi035072s
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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